SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes Titles Total Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research22,875
873100Commercial physical research7,442
87310000Commercial physical research7,442
873101Biological research8,623
87310100Biological research1,630
87310101Agricultural research618
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial6,223
87310103Food research152
873102Commercial physical research2,477
87310200Commercial physical research758
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing162
87310202Commercial research laboratory764
87310203Computer (hardware) development534
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing220
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing39
873103Natural resource research2,159
87310300Natural resource research279
87310301Energy research888
87310302Environmental research992
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,174
87319901Electronic research604
87319902Medical research, commercial1,570