SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes TitlesTotal Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research23,095
873100Commercial physical research7,371
87310000Commercial physical research7,371
873101Biological research8,912
87310100Biological research1,648
87310101Agricultural research602
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial6,508
87310103Food research154
873102Commercial physical research2,482
87310200Commercial physical research774
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing155
87310202Commercial research laboratory759
87310203Computer (hardware) development530
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing224
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing40
873103Natural resource research2,175
87310300Natural resource research276
87310301Energy research911
87310302Environmental research988
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,155
87319901Electronic research587
87319902Medical research, commercial1,568