SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes Titles Total Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research22,788
873100Commercial physical research7,635
87310000Commercial physical research7,635
873101Biological research8,076
87310100Biological research1,727
87310101Agricultural research608
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial5,583
87310103Food research158
873102Commercial physical research2,593
87310200Commercial physical research783
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing178
87310202Commercial research laboratory805
87310203Computer (hardware) development551
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing234
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing42
873103Natural resource research2,223
87310300Natural resource research300
87310301Energy research877
87310302Environmental research1,046
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,261
87319901Electronic research611
87319902Medical research, commercial1,650