SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes Titles Total Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research21,411
873100Commercial physical research7,519
87310000Commercial physical research7,519
873101Biological research6,803
87310100Biological research1,944
87310101Agricultural research583
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial4,129
87310103Food research147
873102Commercial physical research2,571
87310200Commercial physical research752
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing180
87310202Commercial research laboratory790
87310203Computer (hardware) development581
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing221
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing47
873103Natural resource research2,252
87310300Natural resource research309
87310301Energy research848
87310302Environmental research1,095
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,266
87319901Electronic research644
87319902Medical research, commercial1,622