SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes Titles Total Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research22,985
873100Commercial physical research7,414
87310000Commercial physical research7,414
873101Biological research8,751
87310100Biological research1,653
87310101Agricultural research606
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial6,337
87310103Food research155
873102Commercial physical research2,483
87310200Commercial physical research770
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing156
87310202Commercial research laboratory764
87310203Computer (hardware) development531
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing222
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing40
873103Natural resource research2,173
87310300Natural resource research277
87310301Energy research908
87310302Environmental research988
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,164
87319901Electronic research590
87319902Medical research, commercial1,574