SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes TitlesTotal Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research23,764
873100Commercial physical research7,459
87310000Commercial physical research7,459
873101Biological research9,436
87310100Biological research1,640
87310101Agricultural research608
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial7,033
87310103Food research155
873102Commercial physical research2,501
87310200Commercial physical research775
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing157
87310202Commercial research laboratory763
87310203Computer (hardware) development534
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing230
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing42
873103Natural resource research2,187
87310300Natural resource research279
87310301Energy research920
87310302Environmental research988
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,181
87319901Electronic research596
87319902Medical research, commercial1,585