SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes Titles Total Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research22,294
873100Commercial physical research7,551
87310000Commercial physical research7,551
873101Biological research7,453
87310100Biological research1,820
87310101Agricultural research623
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial4,842
87310103Food research168
873102Commercial physical research2,666
87310200Commercial physical research801
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing191
87310202Commercial research laboratory828
87310203Computer (hardware) development572
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing231
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing43
873103Natural resource research2,279
87310300Natural resource research307
87310301Energy research873
87310302Environmental research1,099
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,345
87319901Electronic research644
87319902Medical research, commercial1,701