SIC Industry Description

Industry: 8731—Commercial Physical and Biological Research
Establishments primarily engaged in commercial physical and biological research and development on a contract or fee basis. Noncommercial research establishments funded by endowments, grants, or contributions are classified in Industry 8733. Separate establishments of aircraft, guided missile, or spacecraft manufacturers primarily engaged in research and development on these products are classified in Manufacturing, Major Group 37.

Agricultural research, commercialFood research commercial
Biological research commercialIndustrial laboratories commercial research: except testing
Chemical laboratories, commercial research except testingPhysical research commercial
Engineering laboratories, commercial research: except testingResearch and development physical and biological: commercial
Codes Titles Total Marketable US Businesses
8731Commercial Physical Research22,528
873100Commercial physical research7,691
87310000Commercial physical research7,691
873101Biological research7,304
87310100Biological research1,956
87310101Agricultural research643
87310102Biotechnical research, commercial4,535
87310103Food research170
873102Commercial physical research2,742
87310200Commercial physical research795
87310201Chemical laboratory, except testing201
87310202Commercial research laboratory861
87310203Computer (hardware) development599
87310204Engineering laboratory, except testing239
87310205Industrial laboratory, except testing47
873103Natural resource research2,364
87310300Natural resource research316
87310301Energy research904
87310302Environmental research1,144
873199Commercial physical research, nec2,427
87319901Electronic research685
87319902Medical research, commercial1,742