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81 Other Services (except Public Administration)

 81 Other Services (except Public Administration)

The Sector as a Whole

The Other Services (except Public Administration) sector comprises establishments engaged in providing services not specifically provided for elsewhere in the classification system. Establishments in this sector are primarily engaged in activities, such as equipment and machinery repairing, promoting or administering religious activities, grantmaking, advocacy, and providing drycleaning and laundry services, personal care services, death care services, pet care services, photofinishing services, temporary parking services, and dating services.

Private households that engage in employing workers on or about the premises in activities primarily concerned with the operation of the household are included in this sector.

Excluded from this sector are establishments primarily engaged in retailing new equipment and also performing repairs and general maintenance on equipment. These establishments are classified in Sector 44-45, Retail Trade.

811 Repair and Maintenance

 811 Repair and Maintenance

Industries in the Repair and Maintenance subsector restore machinery, equipment, and other products to working order. These establishments also typically provide general or routine maintenance (i.e., servicing) on such products to ensure they work efficiently and to prevent breakdown and unnecessary repairs.

The NAICS structure for this subsector brings together most types of repair and maintenance establishments and categorizes them based on production processes (i.e., on the type of repair and maintenance activity performed, and the necessary skills, expertise, and processes that are found in different repair and maintenance establishments). This NAICS classification does not delineate between repair services provided to businesses versus those that serve households. Although some industries primarily serve either businesses or households, separation by class of customer is limited by the fact that many establishments serve both. Establishments repairing computers and consumer electronics products are two examples of such overlap.

The Repair and Maintenance subsector does not include all establishments that do repair and maintenance. For example, a substantial amount of repair is done by establishments that also manufacture machinery, equipment, and other goods. These establishments are included in the Manufacturing sector in NAICS. In addition, repair of transportation equipment is often provided by or based at transportation facilities, such as airports, seaports, and these activities are included in the Transportation and Warehousing sector. A particularly unique situation exists with repair of buildings. Plumbing, electrical installation and repair, painting and decorating, and other construction-related establishments are often involved in performing installation or other work on new construction as well as providing repair services on existing structures. While some specialize in repair, it is difficult to distinguish between the two types and all have been included in the Construction sector.

Excluded from this subsector are establishments primarily engaged in rebuilding or remanufacturing machinery and equipment. These are classified in Sector 31-33, Manufacturing. Also excluded are retail establishments that provide after-sale services and repair. These are classified in Sector 44-45, Retail Trade.

 8111 Automotive Repair and Maintenance

This industry group comprises establishments involved in providing repair and maintenance services for automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and all trailers. Establishments in this industry group employ mechanics with specialized technical skills to diagnose and repair the mechanical and electrical systems for automotive vehicles, repair automotive interiors, and paint or repair automotive exteriors.

 81111 Automotive Mechanical and Electrical Repair and Maintenance

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing mechanical or electrical repair and maintenance services for automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks and vans, and all trailers. These establishments specialize in or may provide a wide range of these services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 811111 General Automotive Repair

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing (1) a wide range of mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance services for automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and all trailers or (2) engine repair and replacement.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111118111117538Automotive engine repair and replacement shops
8111118111117538Automotive repair and replacement shops, general
8111118111117538Car repair shops, general
8111118111117538Engine repair and replacement shops, automotive
8111118111117538Garages, general automotive repair (except gasoline service stations)
8111118111117538General automotive repair shops
8111118111117538Truck repair shops, general


 811112 Automotive Exhaust System Repair

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in replacing or repairing exhaust systems of automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in motorcycle repair and maintenance services are classified in Industry 811490, Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111128111127533Automotive exhaust system repair and replacement shops
8111128111127533Exhaust system repair and replacement shops, automotive
8111128111127533Muffler repair and replacement shops


 811113 Automotive Transmission Repair

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in replacing or repairing transmissions of automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in motorcycle repair and maintenance services are classified in Industry 811490, Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111138111137537Automotive transmission repair shops
8111138111137537Transmission repair shops, automotive


 811118 Other Automotive Mechanical and Electrical Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing specialized mechanical or electrical repair and maintenance services (except engine repair and replacement, exhaust systems repair, and transmission repair) for automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and all trailers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111188111187539Automotive brake repair shops
8111188111187539Automotive electrical repair shops
8111188111187539Automotive front end alignment shops
8111188111187539Automotive radiator repair shops
8111188111187539Automotive tune-up shops
8111188111187539Brake repair shops, automotive
8111188111187539Electrical repair shops, automotive
8111188111187539Front end alignment shops, automotive
8111188111187539Radiator repair shops, automotive
8111188111187539Suspension repair shops, automotive
8111188111187539Tune-up shops, automotive
8111188111187539Wheel alignment shops, automotive


 81112 Automotive Body, Paint, Interior, and Glass Repair

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing one or more of the following: (1) repairing or customizing automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and all trailer bodies and interiors; (2) painting automotive vehicle and trailer bodies; (3) replacing, repairing, and/or tinting automotive vehicle glass; and (4) customizing automobile, truck, and van interiors for the physically disabled or other customers with special requirements.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 811121 Automotive Body, Paint, and Interior Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing or customizing automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and all trailer bodies and interiors; and/or painting automotive vehicles and trailer bodies.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111218111217532Antique and classic automotive restoration
8111218111217532Automotive body shops
8111218111217532Automotive paint shops
8111218111217532Automotive upholstery shops
8111218111217532Body shops, automotive
8111218111217532Interior repair shops, automotive
8111218111217532Paint shops, automotive
8111218111217532Restoration shops, antique and classic automotive
8111218111217532Truck trailer body shops
8111218111217532Truck trailer paint and body repair
8111218111217532Upholstery shops, automotive
8111218111217532Van conversion shops (except on assembly line or factory basis)


 811122 Automotive Glass Replacement Shops

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in replacing, repairing, and/or tinting automotive vehicle, such as passenger car, truck, and van, glass.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in motorcycle repair and maintenance service are classified in Industry 811490, Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111228111227536Automotive glass shops
8111228111227536Glass installation, automotive repair
8111228111227536Glass shops, automotive
8111228111227549Glass tinting, automotive
8111228111227536Glass work, automotive
8111228111227549Window tinting, automotive


 81119 Other Automotive Repair and Maintenance

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing automotive repair and maintenance services (except mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance; transmission repair; and body, paint, interior, and glass repair) for automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and all trailers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 811191 Automotive Oil Change and Lubrication Shops

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in changing motor oil and lubricating the chassis of automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in motorcycle repair and maintenance services are classified in Industry 811490, Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111918111917549Automotive oil change and lubrication shops
8111918111917549Lubrication shops, automotive
8111918111917549Oil change and lubrication shops, automotive
8111918111917549Quick-lube shops


 811192 Car Washes

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in cleaning, washing, and/or waxing automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and trailers.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111928111927542Automotive detailing services (i.e., cleaning, polishing)
8111928111927542Automotive washing and polishing
8111928111927542Car detailers
8111928111927542Car washes
8111928111927542Detailing services (i.e., cleaning and polishing), automotive
8111928111927542Mobile car and truck washes
8111928111927542Self-service carwash
8111928111927542Truck and bus washes


 811198 All Other Automotive Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing automotive repair and maintenance services (except mechanical and electrical repair and maintenance; body, paint, interior, and glass repair; motor oil change and lubrication; and car washing) for automotive vehicles, such as passenger cars, trucks, and vans, and all trailers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8111988111987539Automotive air-conditioning repair shops
8111988111987549Automotive emissions testing services
8111988111987549Automotive rustproofing and undercoating shops
8111988111987549Automotive safety inspection services
8111988111987534Automotive tire repair (except retreading) shops
8111988111987549Diagnostic centers without repair, automotive
8111988111987549Emissions testing without repair, automotive
8111988111987549Garages, do-it-yourself automotive repair
8111988111987549Rustproofing shops, automotive
8111988111987549Spray-on bedliner installation for trucks
8111988111987534Tire repair shops (except retreading), automotive
8111988111987549Undercoating shops, automotive


 8112 Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing electronic equipment, such as computers and communications equipment, and highly specialized precision instruments. Establishments in this industry group typically have staff skilled in repairing items having complex, electronic components.

 81121 Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining one or more of the following: (1) consumer electronic equipment; (2) computers; (3) office machines; (4) communication equipment; and (5) other electronic and precision equipment and instruments, without retailing these products as new. Establishments in this industry repair items, such as microscopes, radar and sonar equipment, televisions, stereos, video recorders, computers, fax machines, photocopying machines, two-way radios and other communications equipment, scientific instruments, and medical equipment.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 811211 Consumer Electronics Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining consumer electronics, such as televisions, stereos, speakers, video recorders, CD players, radios, and cameras, without retailing new consumer electronics.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8112118112117699Camera repair shops without retailing new cameras
8112118112117629Consumer electronics repair and maintenance services without retailing new consum
8112118112117699Photographic equipment repair shops without retailing new photographic equipment
8112118112117622Radio repair and maintenance services without retailing new radios
8112118112117622Radio repair, automotive, without retailing new
8112118112117622Stereo equipment repair shops without retailing new stereo equipment
8112118112117622Television repair services without retailing new televisions
8112118112117622Video cassette recorder (VCR) repair services without retailing new video cassett


 811212 Computer and Office Machine Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining computers and office machines without retailing new computers and office machines, such as photocopying machines; and computer terminals, storage devices, printers; and CD-ROM drives.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8112128112127378Computer equipment repair and maintenance services without retailing new computer
8112128112127378Computer peripheral equipment repair and maintenance, without retailing new compu
8112128112127378Computer repair and maintenance services, without retailing new computers
8112128112127629Office machine repair and maintenance services (except communication equipment)
8112128112127629Photocopying machine repair and maintenance services without retailing new photoc
8112128112127378Recycling inkjet cartridges
8112128112127699Typewriter repair and maintenance services


 811213 Communication Equipment Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining communications equipment without retailing new communication equipment, such as telephones, fax machines, communications transmission equipment, and two-way radios.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8112138112137622Communication equipment repair and maintenance services
8112138112137622Facsimile machine repair and maintenance services
8112138112137622Fax machine repair and maintenance services
8112138112137622Public address system repair and maintenance services
8112138112137629Telephone equipment repair and maintenance services without retailing new telepho


 811219 Other Electronic and Precision Equipment Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and maintaining (without retailing) electronic and precision equipment (except consumer electronics, computers and office machines, and communications equipment). Establishments in this industry repair and maintain equipment, such as medical diagnostic imaging equipment, measuring and surveying instruments, laboratory instruments, and radar and sonar equipment.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8112198112197699Dental equipment repair and maintenance services
8112198112197629Diagnostic imaging equipment repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Electrical measuring instrument repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Laboratory instrument repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Measuring instrument repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Medical and surgical equipment repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Meteorological instrument repair and maintenance services
811219811219 Navigational instruments (e.g., radar, sonar) repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Optical instrument repair and maintenance services (e.g. microscopes, telescopes)
8112198112197699Precision equipment calibration
8112198112197699Radar and sonar equipement repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Surgical instrument repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Surveying instrument repair and maintenance services
8112198112197699Weighing equipment (e.g., balance, scales) repair and maintenance services


 8113 Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance

 81131 Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance

See industry description for 811310 below.

 811310 Commercial and Industrial Machinery and Equipment (except Automotive and Electronic) Repair and Maintenance

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the repair and maintenance of commercial and industrial machinery and equipment. Establishments in this industry either sharpen/install commercial and industrial machinery blades and saws or provide welding (e.g., automotive, general) repair services; or repair agricultural and other heavy and industrial machinery and equipment (e.g., forklifts and other materials handling equipment, machine tools, commercial refrigeration equipment, construction equipment, and mining machinery).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8113108113107699Agricultural machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107694Armature rewinding services (except on an assembly line or factory basis)
8113108113107699Blade sharpening, commercial and industrial machinery and equipment
8113108113107694Coil rewinding (except on an assembly line or factory basis)
8113108113107699Commercial and industrial machinery repair and maintenance services
8113108113107623Commercial refrigeration equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Construction machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107694Electric motor repair and maintenance services, commercial or industrial
8113108113107699Electrical generating and transmission equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Engine repair (except automotive, small engine)
8113108113107699Farm machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Food machinery repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Forestry machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Forklift repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Foundry machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107623Freezer, commercial, repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Heavy machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Hydraulic equipment repair and maintenance services
811310811310 Industrial equipment and machinery repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Industrial truck (e.g., forklifts) repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Machine tools repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Materials handling equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Mechanical power transmission equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Mining machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107694Motor repair and maintenance services, commercial or industrial
8113108113107699Paper making machinery repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Printing trade machinery repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Reconditioning shipping barrels and drums
8113108113107699Refrigeration equipment repair and maintenance services, industrial and commercia
8113108113107694Rewinding armatures (except on an assembly line or factory basis)
8113108113107699Service machinery and equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Textile machinery repair and maintenance services
8113108113107699Tractor, farm or construction equipment repair and maintenance services
8113108113107623Truck refrigeration repair and maintenance services
8113108113107692Welding repair services (e.g., automotive, general)


 8114 Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance

 81141 Home and Garden Equipment and Appliance Repair and Maintenance

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and servicing home and garden equipment and/or household-type appliances without retailing new equipment or appliances. Establishments in this industry repair and maintain items, such as lawnmowers, edgers, snow- and leaf-blowers, washing machines, clothes dryers, and refrigerators.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 811411 Home and Garden Equipment Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and servicing home and garden equipment without retailing new home and garden equipment, such as lawnmowers, handheld power tools, edgers, snow- and leaf-blowers, and trimmers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing new outdoor power equipment and also providing repair services are classified in Industry 444210, Outdoor Power Equipment Stores.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8114118114117699Engine repair, small engine
8114118114117699Garden equipment repair and maintenance services without retailing new garden equ
8114118114117699Garden tool sharpening and repair services
8114118114117699Handtools, power-driven, repair and maintenance services without retailing new po
8114118114117699Lawn and garden equipment repair and maintenance services without retailing new l
8114118114117699Lawn mower repair and maintenance shops without retailing new lawn mowers
8114118114117699Saw repair and maintenance (except sawmills) without retailing new saws
8114118114117699Small engine repair and maintenance shops
8114118114117699Tractors, lawn and garden repair and maintenance services without retailing new l


 811412 Appliance Repair and Maintenance

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and servicing household appliances without retailing new appliances, such as refrigerators, stoves, washing machines, clothes dryers, and room air-conditioners.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8114128114127623Air-conditioner, window, repair and maintenance services
811412811412 Appliance, household-type, repair and maintenance services without retailing new
8114128114127629Clothes dryer, household-type, repair and maintenance services without retailing
8114128114127629Microwave oven, household-type, repair and maintenance services, without retailin
8114128114127629Oven, household-type, repair and maintenance services without retailing new ovens
8114128114127623Refrigerator, household-type, repair and maintenance services without retailing n
8114128114127699Sewing machine, household-type, repair shops without retailing new sewing machine
8114128114127629Stove, household-type, repair and maintenance services without retailing new stov
8114128114127629Washing machine, household-type, repair and maintenance services without retailin
8114128114127629Water heater repair and maintenance services without retailing new water heaters


 81142 Reupholstery and Furniture Repair

See industry description for 811420 below.

 811420 Reupholstery and Furniture Repair

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) reupholstering furniture; (2) refinishing furniture; (3) repairing furniture; and (4) repairing and restoring furniture.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8114208114204581Aircraft upholstery repair
8114208114207641Antique furniture repair and restoration shops
8114208114207641Furniture refinishing shops
8114208114207641Furniture repair shops
8114208114207641Furniture reupholstering shops
8114208114207641Restoration and repair of antique furniture
8114208114207641Reupholstery shops, furniture
8114208114207641Upholstery (except motor vehicle) repair services


 81143 Footwear and Leather Goods Repair

See industry description for 811430 below.

 811430 Footwear and Leather Goods Repair

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing footwear and/or repairing other leather or leather-like goods without retailing new footwear and leather or leather-like goods, such as handbags and briefcases.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8114308114307699Boot repair shops without retailing new boots
8114308114307699Leather goods repair shops without retailing new leather goods
8114308114307699Luggage repair shops without retailing new luggage
8114308114307699Saddlery repair shops without retailing new saddlery
8114308114307251Shoe repair shops without retailing new shoes


 81149 Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance

See industry description for 811490 below.

 811490 Other Personal and Household Goods Repair and Maintenance

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in repairing and servicing personal or household-type goods without retailing new personal and household-type goods (except home and garden equipment, appliances, furniture, and footwear and leather goods). Establishments in this industry repair items, such as garments; watches; jewelry; musical instruments; bicycles and motorcycles; motorboats, canoes, sailboats, and other recreational boats.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8114908114907699Bicycle repair and maintenance shops without retailing new bicycles
8114908114903732Boat, pleasure, repair and maintenance services without retailing new boats
8114908114907699China repair services
8114908114907631Clock repair shops without retailing new clocks
8114908114907219Clothing repair shops, alterations only
8114908114907699Cutlery (e.g., knives, scissors) sharpening, household-type
8114908114907219Fur garment repair shops without retailing new fur garments
8114908114907219Garment alteration and/or repair shops without retailing new garments
8114908114907699Gun repair and maintenance shops without retailing new guns
8114908114907699Gunsmith shops without retailing new guns
8114908114907631Jewelry repair shops without retailing new jewelry
8114908114907699Key duplicating shops
8114908114907699Motorboat (i.e., inboard and outboard) repair and maintenance services
8114908114907699Motorcycle repair shops without retailing new motorcycles
8114908114907699Musical instrument repair shops without retailing new musical instruments
8114908114907699Outboard motor repair shops
8114908114907699Sporting equipment repair and maintenance without retailing new sports equipment
8114908114907219Tailor shops, alterations only
8114908114907699Tuning and repair of musical instruments
8114908114907699Venetian blind repair and maintenance shops without retailing new venetian blinds
8114908114907631Watch repair shops without retailing new watches
8114908114907699Window shade repair and maintenance shops


812 Personal and Laundry Services

 812 Personal and Laundry Services

Industries in the Personal and Laundry Services subsector group establishments that provide personal and laundry services to individuals, households, and businesses. Services performed include: personal care services; death care services; laundry and drycleaning services; and a wide range of other personal services, such as pet care (except veterinary) services, photofinishing services, temporary parking services, and dating services.

The Personal and Laundry Services subsector is by no means all-inclusive of the services that could be termed personal services (i.e., those provided to individuals rather than businesses). There are many other subsectors, as well as sectors, that provide services to persons. Establishments providing legal, accounting, tax preparation, architectural, portrait photography, and similar professional services are classified in Sector 54, Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services; those providing job placement, travel arrangement, home security, interior and exterior house cleaning, exterminating, lawn and garden care, and similar support services are classified in Sector 56, Administrative and Support, Waste Management and Remediation Services; those providing health and social services are classified in Sector 62, Health Care and Social Assistance; those providing amusement and recreation services are classified in Sector 71, Arts, Entertainment and Recreation; those providing educational instruction are classified in Sector 61, Educational Services; those providing repair services are classified in Subsector 811, Repair and Maintenance; and those providing spiritual, civic, and advocacy services are classified in Subsector 813, Religious, Grantmaking, Civic, Professional, and Similar Organizations.

 8121 Personal Care Services

This industry group comprises establishments, such as barber and beauty shops, that provide appearance care services to individual consumers.

 81211 Hair, Nail, and Skin Care Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) providing hair care services; (2) providing nail care services; and (3) providing facials or applying makeup (except permanent makeup).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 812111 Barber Shops

This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as barber shops or men's hair stylist shops primarily engaged in cutting, trimming, and styling boys' and men's hair; and/or shaving and trimming men's beards.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8121118121117241Barber shops
8121118121117241Hair stylist services, men's
8121118121117241Hair stylist shops, men's


 812112 Beauty Salons

This U.S. industry comprises establishments (except those known as barber shops or men's hair stylist shops) primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) cutting, trimming, shampooing, weaving, coloring, waving, or styling hair; (2) providing facials; and (3) applying makeup (except permanent makeup).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8121128121127231Beautician services
8121128121127231Beauty and barber shops, combined
8121128121127231Beauty parlors
8121128121127231Beauty salons
8121128121127231Beauty shops
8121128121127231Cosmetology salons or shops
8121128121127231Esthetician (i.e., skin care) services
8121128121127231Facial salons
8121128121127231Hair stylist salons or shops, unisex or women's
8121128121127231Hair stylist services, unisex or women's
8121128121127231Hairdresser services
8121128121127231Hairdressing salons or shops, unisex or women's
8121128121127231Make-up (except permanent) salons
8121128121127231Unisex hair stylist shops


 812113 Nail Salons

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing nail care services, such as manicures, pedicures, and nail extensions.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8121138121137231Manicure and pedicure salons
8121138121137231Manicurist services
8121138121137231Nail salons
8121138121137231Pedicure and manicure salons
8121138121137231Pedicurist services


 81219 Other Personal Care Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing personal care services (except hair, nail, facial, or nonpermanent makeup services).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 812191 Diet and Weight Reducing Centers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing nonmedical services to assist clients in attaining or maintaining a desired weight. The sale of weight reduction products, such as food supplements, may be an integral component of the program. These services typically include individual or group counseling, menu and exercise planning, and weight and body measurement monitoring.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8121918121917299Diet centers, non-medical
8121918121917299Diet workshops
8121918121917299Weight loss centers, non-medical
8121918121917299Weight reducing centers, non-medical


 812199 Other Personal Care Services

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing personal care services (except hair, nail, facial, nonpermanent makeup, or nonmedical diet and weight reducing services).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8121998121997299Baths, steam or turkish
8121998121997299Color consulting services (i.e., personal care services)
8121998121997299Depilatory (i.e., hair removal) salons
8121998121997299Ear piercing services
8121998121997299Electrolysis (i.e., hair removal) salons
8121998121997299Hair removal (i.e., dipilatory, electrolysis) services
8121998121997299Hair replacement services (except by offices of physicians)
8121998121997299Hair weaving services
8121998121997299Make-up salons, permanent
8121998121997299Massage parlors
8121998121997299Saunas
8121998121997299Scalp treating services
8121998121997299Steam baths
8121998121997299Sun tanning salons
8121998121997299Tanning salons
8121998121997299Tattoo parlors
8121998121997299Turkish bathhouses
8121998121997299Turkish baths


 8122 Death Care Services

 81221 Funeral Homes and Funeral Services

See industry description for 812210 below.

 812210 Funeral Homes and Funeral Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in preparing the dead for burial or interment and conducting funerals (i.e., providing facilities for wakes, arranging transportation for the dead, selling caskets and related merchandise). Funeral homes combined with crematories are included in this industry.

Cross-References. Establishments (except funeral homes) primarily engaged in cremating the dead are classified in Industry 812220, Cemeteries and Crematories.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8122108122107261Director services, funeral
8122108122107261Embalming services
8122108122107261Funeral director services
8122108122107261Funeral homes
8122108122107261Funeral homes combined with crematories
8122108122107261Funeral parlors
8122108122107261Mortician services
8122108122107261Mortuaries
8122108122107261Undertaker services


 81222 Cemeteries and Crematories

See industry description for 812220 below.

 812220 Cemeteries and Crematories

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in operating sites or structures reserved for the interment of human or animal remains and/or cremating the dead.

Cross-References. Crematories combined with funeral homes are classified in Industry 812210, Funeral Homes and Funeral Services.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8122208122206553Animal cemeteries
8122208122206553Cemeteries
8122208122206553Cemetery associations (i.e., operators)
8122208122206531Cemetery management services
8122208122206553Columbariums
8122208122207261Crematories (except combined with funeral homes)
8122208122206553Mausoleums
8122208122206553Memorial gardens (i.e., burial places)
8122208122206553Pet cemeteries


 8123 Drycleaning and Laundry Services

 81231 Coin-Operated Laundries and Drycleaners

See industry description for 812310 below.

 812310 Coin-Operated Laundries and Drycleaners

This industry comprises (1) establishments primarily engaged in operating facilities with coin-operated or similar self-service laundry and drycleaning equipment for customer use on the premises and (2) establishments primarily engaged in supplying and servicing coin-operated or similar self-service laundry and drycleaning equipment for customer use in places of business operated by others, such as apartments and dormitories.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8123108123107215Automatic laundries, coin-operated
8123108123107215Coin-operated drycleaners and laundries
8123108123107215Coin-operated laundry and drycleaning routes (i.e., concession operators)
8123108123107215Drycleaning machine routes (i.e., concession operators), coin-operated or similar
8123108123107215Drycleaning services, coin-operated or similar self-service
8123108123107215Launderettes
8123108123107215Laundries, coin-operated or similar self-service
8123108123107215Laundromats
8123108123107215Laundry machine routes (i.e., concession operators), coin-operated or similar sel
8123108123107215Laundry services, coin-operated or similar self-service
8123108123107215Self-service drycleaners and laundries


 81232 Drycleaning and Laundry Services (except Coin-Operated)

See industry description for 812320 below.

 812320 Drycleaning and Laundry Services (except Coin-Operated)

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) providing drycleaning services (except coin-operated); (2) providing laundering services (except linen and uniform supply or coin-operated); (3) providing dropoff and pickup sites for laundries and/or drycleaners; and (4) providing specialty cleaning services for specific types of garments and other textile items (except carpets and upholstery), such as fur, leather, or suede garments; wedding gowns; hats; draperies; and pillows. These establishments may provide all, a combination of, or none of the cleaning services on the premises.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8123208123207212Agents, laundry and drycleaning
8123208123207389Apparel pressing services
8123208123207212Bobtailers, laundry and drycleaning
812320812320 Cleaners, drycleaning and laundry service (except coin-operated)
8123208123207216Cleaning and dyeing plants (except rug cleaning plants)
8123208123207212Collecting and distributing agents, laundry and drycleaning
8123208123207216Curtain cleaning services
8123208123207216Drapery cleaning services
812320812320 Drop-off and pick-up sites for laundries and drycleaners
812320812320 Drycleaner drop-off and pick-up sites
812320812320 Drycleaners (except coin-operated)
8123208123207216Drycleaning plants (except rug cleaning plants)
812320812320 Drycleaning services (except coin-operated)
8123208123207219Fur garment cleaning services
812320812320 Garment cleaning (e.g., fur, leather, suede) services
8123208123207219Hand laundries
8123208123207251Hat cleaning services
8123208123207211Laundries (except coin-operated, linen supply, uniform supply)
8123208123207212Laundry and drycleaning agents
812320812320 Laundry drop-off and pick-up sites
812320812320 Laundry services (except coin-operated, linen supply, uniform supply)
8123208123207216Leather garment cleaning services
8123208123207212Pickup and drop-off sites for drycleaners and laundries
8123208123207219Pillow cleaning services
8123208123207211Power laundries, family
8123208123207219Suede garment cleaning services


 81233 Linen and Uniform Supply

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying, on a rental or contract basis, laundered items, such as uniforms, gowns and coats, table linens, bed linens, towels, clean room apparel, and treated mops or shop towels.

 812331 Linen Supply

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying, on a rental or contract basis, laundered items, such as table and bed linens; towels; diapers; and uniforms, gowns, or coats of the type used by doctors, nurses, barbers, beauticians, and waitresses.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in supplying, on a rental or contract basis, laundered industrial work uniforms and related work clothing are classified in U.S. Industry 812332, Industrial Launderers.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8123318123317213Apron supply services
8123318123317213Bed linen supply services
8123318123317213Coat (e.g., barber's, beautician's, doctor's, nurse's) supply services
8123318123317213Cooperative hospital laundries (i.e., linen supply services)
8123318123317219Diaper supply services
8123318123317219Gown (e.g., doctors, nurses, hospital, beauticians) supply services
8123318123317213Laundries, linen and uniform supply
8123318123317213Laundry services, linen supply
8123318123317213Linen supply services
8123318123317213Table linen supply services
8123318123317213Towel (except shop, wiping) supply services
8123318123317213Uniform (except industrial) supply services


 812332 Industrial Launderers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying, on a rental or contract basis, laundered industrial work uniforms and related work clothing, such as protective apparel (flame and heat resistant) and clean room apparel; dust control items, such as treated mops, rugs, mats, dust tool covers, cloths, and shop or wiping towels.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in supplying, on a rental or contract basis, laundered uniforms, gowns or coats of the type used by doctors, nurses, barbers, beauticians, and waitresses are classified in U.S. Industry 812331, Linen Supply.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8123328123327218Clean room apparel supply services
8123328123327218Dust control textile item (e.g., cloths, mats, mops, rugs, shop towels) supply se
8123328123327218Flame resistant clothing supply services
8123328123327218Industrial launderers
8123328123327218Industrial uniform supply services
8123328123327218Laundered mat and rug supply services
8123328123327218Launderers, industrial
8123328123327218Laundry services, industrial
8123328123327218Mat and rug supply services
8123328123327218Protective apparel supply services
8123328123327218Radiation protection garment supply services
8123328123327218Towel supply services, shop or wiping
8123328123327218Uniform supply services, industrial
8123328123327218Work clothing and uniform supply services, industrial


 8129 Other Personal Services

The industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing personal services (except personal care services, death care services, or drycleaning and laundry services).

 81291 Pet Care (except Veterinary) Services

See industry description for 812910 below.

 812910 Pet Care (except Veterinary) Services

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing pet care services (except veterinary), such as boarding, grooming, sitting, and training pets.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
8129108129100752Animal grooming services
8129108129100752Animal shelters
8129108129100752Boarding services, pet
8129108129100752Dog pounds
8129108129100752Grooming services, animal
8129108129100752Guard dog training services
8129108129100752Guide dog training services
8129108129100752Kennels, pet boarding
8129108129100752Obedience training services, pet
8129108129100752Pet boarding services
8129108129100752Pet grooming services
8129108129100752Pet sitting services
8129108129100752Pet training services
8129108129100752Sitting services, pet


 81292 Photofinishing

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in processing motion picture film for the motion picture and television industries are classified in Industry 51219, Postproduction Services and Other Motion Picture and Video Industries.

 812921 Photofinishing Laboratories (except One-Hour)

This U.S. industry comprises establishments (except those known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs) primarily engaged in developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements.

Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in processing motion picture film for the motion picture and television industries are classified in U.S. Industry 512199, Other Motion Picture and Video Industries; and
  • Establishments known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs are classified in U.S. Industry 812922, One-Hour Photofinishing.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8129218129217384Film developing and printing (except motion picture, one-hour)
    8129218129217384Photofinishing labs (except one-hour)
    8129218129217384Photofinishing services (except one-hour)


     812922 One-Hour Photofinishing

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs primarily engaged in developing film and/or making photographic slides, prints, and enlargements on a short turnaround or while-you-wait basis.

    Cross-References. Photofinishing laboratories (except those known as "one-hour" photofinishing labs) are classified in U.S. Industry 812921, Photofinishing Laboratories (except One-Hour).
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8129228129227384Film developing and printing, one hour
    8129228129227384One-hour photofinishing services
    8129228129227384Photofinishing labs, one-hour
    8129228129227384Photofinishing services, one-hour


     81293 Parking Lots and Garages

    See industry description for 812930 below.

     812930 Parking Lots and Garages

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing parking space for motor vehicles, usually on an hourly, daily, or monthly basis and/or valet parking services.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in providing extended or dead storage of motor vehicles are classified in Industry 493190, Other Warehousing and Storage .
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8129308129307521Automobile parking garages or lots
    8129308129307521Garages, automobile parking
    8129308129307521Parking garages, automobile
    8129308129307521Parking lots, automobile
    8129308129307299Parking services, valet
    8129308129307299Valet parking services


     81299 All Other Personal Services

    See industry description for 812990 below.

     812990 All Other Personal Services

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing personal services (except personal care services, death care services, drycleaning and laundry services, pet care services, photofinishing services, or parking space and/or valet parking services).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8129908129907299Astrology services
    8129908129907299Baby shoe bronzing services
    8129908129907389Bail bonding services
    8129908129907299Balloon-o-gram services
    8129908129907299Blood pressure testing machine concession operators, coin-operated
    8129908129907389Bondsperson services
    8129908129907251Bootblack parlors
    8129908129907299Check room services
    8129908129907299Coin-operated personal service machine (e.g., blood pressure, locker, photographi
    8129908129907299Comfort station operation
    8129908129907299Concierge services
    8129908129907299Consumer buying services
    8129908129907299Credit card notification services (i.e., lost or stolen card reporting)
    8129908129907299Dating services
    8129908129907299Discount buying services
    8129908129907299Escort services, social
    8129908129907299Fortune-telling services
    8129908129907299Genealogical investigation services
    8129908129907299House sitting services
    8129908129907299Introduction services, social
    8129908129907299Lockers, coin-operated, rental
    8129908129907299Numerology services
    8129908129907299Palm reading services
    8129908129907299Party planning services
    8129908129904899Pay telephone equipment concession operators
    8129908129907389Personal fitness trainer
    8129908129907299Personal shopping services
    8129908129907299Photographic machine concession operators, coin-operated
    8129908129907999Phrenology services
    8129908129907299Porter services
    8129908129907299Psychic services
    8129908129907299Rest room operation
    8129908129907251Shoeshine parlors
    8129908129907251Shoeshine services
    8129908129907299Shopping services, personal
    8129908129907299Singing telegram services
    8129908129907299Sitting services, house
    8129908129907299Social escort services
    8129908129907299Telegram services, singing
    8129908129907299Wedding chapels (except churches)
    8129908129907299Wedding planning services


    813 Religious, Grantmaking, Civic, Professional, and Similar Organizations

     813 Religious, Grantmaking, Civic, Professional, and Similar Organizations

    Industries in the Religious, Grantmaking, Civic, Professional, and Similar Organizations subsector group establishments that organize and promote religious activities; support various causes through grantmaking; advocate various social and political causes; and promote and defend the interests of their members.

    The industry groups within the subsector are defined in terms of their activities, such as establishments that provide funding for specific causes or for a variety of charitable causes; establishments that advocate and actively promote causes and beliefs for the public good; and establishments that have an active membership structure to promote causes and represent the interests of their members. Establishments in this subsector may publish newsletters, books, and periodicals, for distribution to their membership.

     8131 Religious Organizations

     81311 Religious Organizations

    See industry description for 813110 below.

     813110 Religious Organizations

    This industry comprises (1) establishments primarily engaged in operating religious organizations, such as churches, religious temples, and monasteries and/or (2) establishments primarily engaged in administering an organized religion or promoting religious activities.

    Cross-References.

  • Schools, colleges, or universities operated by religious organizations are classified in Sector 61, Educational Services;
  • Radio and television stations operated by religious organizations are classified in Subsector 515, Broadcasting (except Internet);
  • Publishing houses operated by religious organizations are classified in Subsector 511, Publishing Industries (except Internet);
  • Establishments operated by religious organizations primarily engaged in health and social assistance for individuals are classified in Sector 62, Health Care and Social Assistance; and
  • Used merchandise stores operated by religious organizations are classified in Industry 453310, Used Merchandise Stores.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8131108131108661Bible societies
    8131108131108661Churches
    8131108131108661Convents (except schools)
    8131108131108661Missions, religious organization
    8131108131108661Monasteries (except schools)
    8131108131108661Mosques, religious
    8131108131108661Places of worship
    8131108131108661Religious organizations
    8131108131108661Retreat houses, religious
    8131108131108661Shrines, religious
    8131108131108661Synagogues
    8131108131108661Temples, religious


     8132 Grantmaking and Giving Services

     81321 Grantmaking and Giving Services

    This industry comprises (1) establishments known as grantmaking foundations or charitable trusts and (2) establishments primarily engaged in raising funds for a wide range of social welfare activities, such as health, educational, scientific, and cultural activities.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     813211 Grantmaking Foundations

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as grantmaking foundations or charitable trusts. Establishments in this industry award grants from trust funds based on a competitive selection process or the preferences of the foundation managers and grantors; or fund a single entity, such as a museum or university.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in providing trust management services for others are classified in Industry 523920, Portfolio Management.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8132118132116732Charitable trusts, awarding grants
    8132118132116732Community foundations
    8132118132116732Corporate foundations, awarding grants
    8132118132116732Educational trusts, awarding grants
    8132118132116732Grantmaking foundations
    8132118132116732Philanthropic trusts, awarding grants
    8132118132116732Scholarship trusts (i.e., grantmaking, charitable trust foundations)
    8132118132116732Trusts, charitable, awarding grants
    8132118132116732Trusts, educational, awarding grants
    8132118132116732Trusts, religious, awarding grants


     813212 Voluntary Health Organizations

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising funds for health related research, such as disease (e.g., heart, cancer, diabetes) prevention, health education, and patient services.

    Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in raising funds for a wide range of social welfare activities, such as educational, scientific, cultural, and health, are classified in U.S. Industry 813219, Other Grantmaking and Giving Services;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in organizing and conducting fundraising campaigns on a contract or fee basis are classified in U.S. Industry 561499, All Other Business Support Services;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in providing telemarketing services for others are classified in U.S. Industry 561422, Telemarketing Bureaus;
  • Establishments known as grantmaking foundations or charitable trusts are classified in U.S. Industry 813211, Grantmaking Foundations; and
  • Establishments primarily engaged in conducting health research are classified in Industry 541710, Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8132128132128399Disease awareness fundraising organizations
    8132128132128399Disease research (e.g., cancer, heart) fundraising organizations
    8132128132128399Health research fundraising organizations
    8132128132128399Voluntary health organizations


     813219 Other Grantmaking and Giving Services

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments (except voluntary health organizations) primarily engaged in raising funds for a wide range of social welfare activities, such as educational, scientific, cultural, and health.

    Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in raising funds for health related research are classified in U.S. Industry 813212, Voluntary Health Organizations;
  • Establishments known as grantmaking foundations or charitable trusts are classified in U.S. Industry 813211, Grantmaking Foundations;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in organizing and conducting fundraising campaigns on a contract or fee basis are classified in U.S. Industry 561499, All Other Business Support Services;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in providing telemarketing services for others are classified in U.S. Industry 561422, Telemarketing Bureaus;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in raising funds for political purposes are classified in Industry 813940, Political Organizations; and
  • Establishments primarily engaged in advocating social causes or issues are classified in Industry 81331, Social Advocacy Organizations.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8132198132198399Community chests
    8132198132198399Federated charities
    8132198132198399United fund councils
    8132198132198399United funds for colleges


     8133 Social Advocacy Organizations

     81331 Social Advocacy Organizations

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting a particular cause or working for the realization of a specific social or political goal to benefit a broad or specific constituency. These organizations may solicit contributions and offer memberships to support these goals.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     813311 Human Rights Organizations

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting causes associated with human rights either for a broad or specific constituency. Establishments in this industry address issues, such as protecting and promoting the broad constitutional rights and civil liberties of individuals and those suffering from neglect, abuse, or exploitation; promoting the interests of specific groups, such as children, women, senior citizens, or persons with disabilities; improving relations between racial, ethnic, and cultural groups; and promoting voter education and registration. These organizations may solicit contributions and offer memberships to support these causes.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8133118133118399Associations for retired persons, advocacy
    8133118133118399Civil liberties organizations
    8133118133118399Developmentally disabled advocacy organizations
    8133118133118399Human rights advocacy organizations
    8133118133118399Mentally retarded advocacy groups
    8133118133118399Senior citizens advocacy organizations
    8133118133118399Veterans' rights organizations


     813312 Environment, Conservation and Wildlife Organizations

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the preservation and protection of the environment and wildlife. Establishments in this industry address issues, such as clean air and water; global warming; conserving and developing natural resources, including land, plant, water, and energy resources; and protecting and preserving wildlife and endangered species. These organizations may solicit contributions and offer memberships to support these causes.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in providing legal services for environment, conservation, and wildlife organizations are classified in Industry Group 5411, Legal Services.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8133128133128399Animal rights organizations
    8133128133128699Animal welfare associations or leagues
    8133128133128399Conservation advocacy organizations
    8133128133128399Environmental advocacy organizations
    8133128133128699Humane societies
    8133128133128399Natural resource preservation organizations
    8133128133128399Wildlife preservation organizations


     813319 Other Social Advocacy Organizations

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in social advocacy (except human rights and environmental protection, conservation, and wildlife preservation). Establishments in this industry address issues, such as peace and international understanding; community action (excluding civic organizations); or advancing social causes, such as firearms safety, drunk driving prevention, drug abuse awareness. These organizations may solicit contributions and offer memberships to support these causes.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8133198133198399Accident prevention associations
    8133198133198399Antipoverty advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Aviation advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Community action advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Drug abuse prevention advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Drunk driving prevention advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Firearms advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Gun control organizations
    8133198133198399Neighborhood development advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Peace advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Public safety advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Social change advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Social service advocacy organizations
    8133198133198399Substance abuse prevention advocacy organizations
    8133198133198641Taxpayers' advocacy organizations
    8133198133198641Temperance organizations
    8133198133198641Tenants' advocacy associations
    8133198133198641Tenants' associations, advocacy
    8133198133198399World peace and understanding advocacy organizations


     8134 Civic and Social Organizations

     81341 Civic and Social Organizations

    See industry description for 813410 below.

     813410 Civic and Social Organizations

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the civic and social interests of their members. Establishments in this industry may operate bars and restaurants for their members.

    Cross-References.

  • Establishments of insurance offices operated by fraternal benefit organizations are classified in Subsector 524, Insurance Carriers and Related Activities;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in operating residential fraternity and sorority houses are classified in Industry 721310, Rooming and Boarding Houses; and
  • Establishments primarily engaged in providing travel arrangements and reservation services, such as automobile travel clubs or motor travel clubs are classified in U.S. Industry 561599, All Other Travel Arrangement and Reservation Services.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8134108134108641Alumni associations
    8134108134108641Alumni clubs
    8134108134108699Automobile clubs (except road and travel services)
    8134108134108699Book discussion clubs
    8134108134108641Booster clubs
    8134108134108641Boy guiding organizations
    8134108134108641Civic associations
    8134108134108699Classic car clubs
    8134108134108699Computer enthusiasts clubs
    8134108134108641Ethnic associations
    8134108134108699Farm granges
    8134108134108641Fraternal associations or lodges, social or civic
    8134108134108641Fraternal lodges
    8134108134108641Fraternal organizations
    8134108134108641Fraternities (except residential)
    8134108134108641Garden clubs
    8134108134108641Girl guiding organizations
    8134108134108641Golden age clubs
    8134108134108699Granges
    8134108134108699Historical clubs
    8134108134108641Membership associations, civic or social
    8134108134108641Parent-teachers' associations
    8134108134108699Poetry clubs
    8134108134108699Public speaking improvement clubs
    8134108134108641Retirement associations, social
    8134108134108641Scouting organizations
    8134108134108641Senior citizens' associations, social
    8134108134108641Singing societies
    8134108134108641Social clubs
    8134108134108641Social organizations, civic and fraternal
    8134108134108641Sororities (except residential)
    8134108134108699Speakers' clubs
    8134108134108641Student clubs
    8134108134108641Students' associations
    8134108134108641Students' unions
    8134108134108641University clubs
    8134108134108641Veterans' membership organizations
    8134108134108641Women's auxiliaries
    8134108134108641Women's clubs
    8134108134108699Writing clubs
    8134108134108641Youth civic clubs
    8134108134108641Youth clubs (except recreational only)
    8134108134108641Youth farming organizations
    8134108134108641Youth scouting organizations
    8134108134108641Youth social clubs


     8139 Business, Professional, Labor, Political, and Similar Organizations

    This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the interests of their members (except religious organizations, social advocacy organizations, and civic and social organizations). Examples of establishments in this industry are business associations, professional organizations, labor unions, and political organizations.

     81391 Business Associations

    See industry description for 813910 below.

     813910 Business Associations

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the business interests of their members. These establishments may conduct research on new products and services; develop market statistics; sponsor quality and certification standards; lobby public officials; or publish newsletters, books, or periodicals for distribution to their members.

    Cross-References.

  • Establishments owned by their members but organized to perform a specific business function, such as common marketing of crops, joint advertising, or buying cooperatives, are classified according to their primary activity;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in promoting the professional interests of their members and the profession as a whole are classified in Industry 813920, Professional Organizations;
  • Establishments primarily engaged in promoting the interests of organized labor and union employees, such as trade unions, are classified in Industry 813930, Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations; and
  • Establishments primarily engaged in lobbying public officials (i.e., lobbyists) are classified in Industry 541820, Public Relations Agencies.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8139108139108699Agricultural organizations (except youth farming organizations, farm granges)
    8139108139108611Animal breeders' associations
    8139108139108611Bankers' associations
    8139108139108611Better business bureaus
    8139108139108611Boards of trade
    8139108139108611Business associations
    8139108139108611Chambers of commerce
    8139108139108611Construction associations
    8139108139108611Contractors' associations
    8139108139108611Distributors' associations
    8139108139108699Farmers' associations
    8139108139108699Farmers' unions
    8139108139108611Growers' associations
    8139108139108611Hospital associations
    8139108139108611Industrial associations
    8139108139108611Insurers' associations
    8139108139108611Junior chambers of commerce
    8139108139108611Manufacturers' associations
    8139108139108611Merchants' associations
    8139108139108611Mining associations
    8139108139108611Producers' associations
    8139108139108611Public utility associations
    8139108139108611Real estate boards
    8139108139108611Restaurant associations
    8139108139108611Retailers' associations
    8139108139108611Service industries associations
    8139108139108611Shipping companies' associations
    8139108139108611Trade associations
    8139108139108611Warehousing associations
    8139108139108611Wholesalers' associations


     81392 Professional Organizations

    See industry description for 813920 below.

     813920 Professional Organizations

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the professional interests of their members and the profession as a whole. These establishments may conduct research; develop statistics; sponsor quality and certification standards; lobby public officials; or publish newsletters, books, or periodicals, for distribution to their members.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8139208139208621Accountants' associations
    8139208139208621Architects' associations
    8139208139208621Bar associations
    8139208139208621Consultants' associations
    8139208139208621Dentists' associations
    8139208139208621Dietitians' associations
    8139208139208621Educators' associations
    8139208139208621Engineers' associations
    8139208139208621Health professionals' associations
    8139208139208621Hospital administrators' associations
    8139208139208621Learned societies
    8139208139208621Medical associations
    8139208139208621Nurses' associations
    8139208139208621Occupational therapists' associations
    8139208139208621Optometrists' associations
    8139208139208621Peer review boards
    8139208139208621Personnel management associations
    8139208139208621Pharmacists' associations
    8139208139208621Professional associations
    8139208139208621Professional membership associations
    8139208139208621Professional standards review boards
    8139208139208621Psychologists' associations
    8139208139208621Scientific associations
    8139208139208621Social workers' associations
    8139208139208621Standards review committees, professional


     81393 Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations

    See industry description for 813930 below.

     813930 Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the interests of organized labor and union employees.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8139308139308631Employees' associations for improvement of wages and working conditions
    8139308139308631Federation of workers, labor organizations
    8139308139308631Federations of labor
    8139308139308631Industrial labor unions
    8139308139308631Labor federations
    8139308139308631Labor unions (except apprenticeship programs)
    8139308139308631Trade unions (except apprenticeship programs)
    8139308139308631Trade unions, local
    8139308139308631Unions (except apprenticeship programs), labor


     81394 Political Organizations

    See industry description for 813940 below.

     813940 Political Organizations

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in promoting the interests of national, state, or local political parties or candidates. Included are political groups organized to raise funds for a political party or individual candidates.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8139408139408651Campaign organizations, political
    8139408139408651Constituencies' associations, political party
    8139408139408651Local political organizations
    8139408139408651PACs (Political Action Committees)
    8139408139408651Political action committees (PACs)
    8139408139408651Political campaign organizations
    8139408139408651Political organizations or clubs
    8139408139408651Political parties


     81399 Other Similar Organizations (except Business, Professional, Labor, and Political Organizations)

    See industry description for 813990 below.

     813990 Other Similar Organizations (except Business, Professional, Labor, and Political Organizations)

    This industry comprises establishments (except religious organizations, social advocacy organizations, civic and social organizations, business associations, professional organizations, labor unions, and political organizations) primarily engaged in promoting the interest of their members.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Operating religious organizations, such as churches, religious temples, and monasteries,--are classified in Industry 813110, Religious Organizations;
    • Raising funds for a wide range of social welfare activities and establishments known as grantmaking foundations or charitable trusts,--are classified in Industry 81321, Grantmaking and Giving Services;
    • Advocating social causes or issues,--are classified in Industry 81331, Social Advocacy Organizations;
    • Promoting the civic and social interests of their members,--are classified in Industry 813410, Civic and Social Organizations;
    • Promoting the business interests of their members,--are classified in Industry 813910, Business Associations;
    • Promoting the professional interests of their members and the profession as a whole--are classified in Industry 813920, Professional Organizations;
    • Promoting the interests of organized labor and union employees--are classified in Industry 813930, Labor Unions and Similar Labor Organizations;
    • Promoting the interests of national, state, or local political parties or candidates--are classified in Industry 813940, Political Organizations; and
    • Providing recreational and amusement services, such as recreational or youth sports teams and leagues,--are classified in Industry 713990, All Other Amusement and Recreation Industries.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8139908139908699Athletic associations, regulatory
    8139908139908699Athletic leagues (i.e., regulating bodies)
    8139908139906531Condominium corporations
    8139908139906531Condominium owners' associations
    8139908139906531Cooperative owners' associations
    8139908139908641Homeowners' associations
    8139908139906531Homeowners' associations, condominium
    8139908139908641Property owners' associations
    8139908139908699Sports governing bodies
    8139908139908699Sports leagues (i.e., regulating bodies)
    8139908139908641Tenants' associations (except advocacy)


    814 Private Households


     814 Private Households

    Industries in the Private Households subsector include private households that engage in employing workers on or about the premises in activities primarily concerned with the operation of the household. These private households may employ individuals, such as cooks, maids, and butlers, and outside workers, such as gardeners, caretakers, and other maintenance workers.

     8141 Private Households

     81411 Private Households

    See industry description for 814110 below.

     814110 Private Households

    This industry comprises private households primarily engaged in employing workers on or about the premises in activities primarily concerned with the operation of the household. These private households may employ individuals, such as cooks, maids, nannies, and butlers, and outside workers, such as gardeners, caretakers, and other maintenance workers.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    8141108141108811Households, private, employing (e.g., cooks, maids, chauffeurs, gardeners)
    8141108141108811Households, private, employing domestic personnel
    8141108141108811Private households employing domestic personnel
    8141108141108811Private households with employees