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44-45 Retail Trade

 44-45 Retail Trade

The Sector as a Whole

The Retail Trade sector comprises establishments engaged in retailing merchandise, generally without transformation, and rendering services incidental to the sale of merchandise.

The retailing process is the final step in the distribution of merchandise; retailers are, therefore, organized to sell merchandise in small quantities to the general public. This sector comprises two main types of retailers: store and nonstore retailers.

1. Store retailers operate fixed point-of-sale locations, located and designed to attract a high volume of walk-in customers. In general, retail stores have extensive displays of merchandise and use mass-media advertising to attract customers. They typically sell merchandise to the general public for personal or household consumption, but some also serve business and institutional clients. These include establishments, such as office supply stores, computer and software stores, building materials dealers, plumbing supply stores, and electrical supply stores. Catalog showrooms, gasoline services stations, automotive dealers, and mobile home dealers are treated as store retailers.

In addition to retailing merchandise, some types of store retailers are also engaged in the provision of after-sales services, such as repair and installation. For example, new automobile dealers, electronic and appliance stores, and musical instrument and supply stores often provide repair services. As a general rule, establishments engaged in retailing merchandise and providing after-sales services are classified in this sector.

The first eleven subsectors of retail trade are store retailers. The establishments are grouped into industries and industry groups typically based on one or more of the following criteria:

(a) The merchandise line or lines carried by the store; for example, specialty stores are distinguished from general-line stores.

(b) The usual trade designation of the establishments. This criterion applies in cases where a store type is well recognized by the industry and the public, but difficult to define strictly in terms of commodity lines carried; for example, pharmacies, hardware stores, and department stores.

(c) Capital requirements in terms of display equipment; for example, food stores have equipment requirements not found in other retail industries.

(d) Human resource requirements in terms of expertise; for example, the staff of an automobile dealer requires knowledge in financing, registering, and licensing issues that are not necessary in other retail industries.

2. Nonstore retailers, like store retailers, are organized to serve the general public, but their retailing methods differ. The establishments of this subsector reach customers and market merchandise with methods, such as the broadcasting of "infomercials," the broadcasting and publishing of direct-response advertising, the publishing of paper and electronic catalogs, door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration, selling from portable stalls (street vendors, except food), and distribution through vending machines. Establishments engaged in the direct sale (nonstore) of products, such as home heating oil dealers and home delivery newspaper routes are included here.

The buying of goods for resale is a characteristic of retail trade establishments that particularly distinguishes them from establishments in the agriculture, manufacturing, and construction industries. For example, farms that sell their products at or from the point of production are not classified in retail, but rather in agriculture. Similarly, establishments that both manufacture and sell their products to the general public are not classified in retail, but rather in manufacturing. However, establishments that engage in processing activities incidental to retailing are classified in retail. This includes establishments, such as optical goods stores that do in-store grinding of lenses, and meat and seafood markets.

Wholesalers also engage in the buying of goods for resale, but they are not usually organized to serve the general public. They typically operate from a warehouse or office and neither the design nor the location of these premises is intended to solicit a high volume of walk-in traffic. Wholesalers supply institutional, industrial, wholesale, and retail clients; their operations are, therefore, generally organized to purchase, sell, and deliver merchandise in larger quantities. However, dealers of durable nonconsumer goods, such as farm machinery and heavy duty trucks, are included in wholesale trade even if they often sell these products in single units.

41 Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers

 441 Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers

Industries in the Motor Vehicle and Parts Dealers subsector retail motor vehicles and parts from fixed point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector typically operate from a showroom and/or an open lot where the vehicles are on display. The display of vehicles and the related parts require little by way of display equipment. The personnel generally include both the sales and sales support staff familiar with the requirements for registering and financing a vehicle as well as a staff of parts experts and mechanics trained to provide repair and maintenance services for the vehicles. Specific industries have been included in this subsector to identify the type of vehicle being retailed.

Sales of capital or durable nonconsumer goods, such as medium and heavy-duty trucks, are always included in wholesale trade. These goods are virtually never sold through retail methods.

 4411 Automobile Dealers

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used automobiles and light trucks, such as sport utility vehicles, and passenger and cargo vans.

 44111 New Car Dealers

See industry description for 441110 below.

 441110 New Car Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new automobiles and light trucks, such as sport utility vehicles, and passenger and cargo vans, or retailing these new vehicles in combination with activities, such as repair services, retailing used cars, and selling replacement parts and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4411104411105511Automobile dealers, new only or new and used
4411104411105511Light utility truck dealers, new only or new and used
4411104411105511New car dealers


 44112 Used Car Dealers

See industry description for 441120 below.

 441120 Used Car Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used automobiles and light trucks, such as sport utility vehicles, and passenger and cargo vans.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing new automobiles and light trucks are classified in Industry 441110, New Car Dealers.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4411204411205521Antique auto dealers
4411204411205521Automobile dealers, used only
4411204411205521Light utility truck dealers, used only
4411204411205521Used car dealers


 4412 Other Motor Vehicle Dealers

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used vehicles (except automobiles, light trucks, such as sport utility vehicles, and passenger and cargo vans).

 44121 Recreational Vehicle Dealers

See industry description for 441210 below.

 441210 Recreational Vehicle Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and/or used recreational vehicles commonly referred to as RVs or retailing these new vehicles in combination with activities, such as repair services and selling replacement parts and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4412104412105561Camper dealers, recreational
4412104412105561Motor home dealers
4412104412105561Recreational vehicle (RV) dealers
4412104412105561Recreational vehicle parts and accessories stores
4412104412105561RV dealers
4412104412105561Travel trailer dealers
4412104412105561Used recreational vehicle (RV) dealers


 44122 Motorcycle, Boat, and Other Motor Vehicle Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and used motorcycles, boats, and other vehicles (except automobiles, light trucks, and recreational vehicles), or retailing these new vehicles in combination with activities, such as repair services and selling replacement parts and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 441221 Motorcycle Dealers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and/or used motorcycles, motor scooters, motor bikes, mopeds, off-road all-terrain vehicles, and personal watercraft, or retailing these new vehicles in combination with repair services and selling replacement parts and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4412214412215571All-terrain vehicle (ATV) dealers
4412214412215571Bicycle shops, motorized
4412214412215571Moped dealers
4412214412215571Motor bike dealers
4412214412215571Motor scooters dealers
4412214412215571Motorcycle dealers
4412214412215571Motorcycle parts and accessories dealers
4412214412215571Off-road all-terrain vehicles (ATV), wheeled or tracked, dealers
4412214412215571Personal watercraft dealers
4412214412215571Used motorcycle dealers


 441222 Boat Dealers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) retailing new and/or used boats or retailing new boats in combination with activities, such as repair services and selling replacement parts and accessories, and/or (2) retailing new and/or used outboard motors, boat trailers, marine supplies, parts, and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4412224412225551Boat dealers, new and used
4412224412225551Boat trailer dealers
4412224412225551Marine supply dealers
4412224412225551Outboard motor dealers
4412224412225551Power boat dealers
4412224412225551Sail boat dealers
4412224412225551Used boat dealers


 441229 All Other Motor Vehicle Dealers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and/or used utility trailers and vehicles (except automobiles, light trucks, recreational vehicles, motorcycles, boats, motor scooters, motorbikes, off-road all-terrain vehicles, and personal watercraft) or retailing these new vehicles in combination with activities, such as repair services and selling replacement parts and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4412294412295599Aircraft dealers
4412294412295599Golf cart dealers, powered
4412294412295599Snowmobile dealers
4412294412295599Used aircraft dealers
4412294412295599Used utility trailer dealers
4412294412295599Utility trailer dealers


 4413 Automotive Parts, Accessories, and Tire Stores

 44131 Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores

See industry description for 441310 below.

 441310 Automotive Parts and Accessories Stores

This industry comprises one or more of the following: (1) establishments known as automotive supply stores primarily engaged in retailing new, used, and/or rebuilt automotive parts and accessories; (2) automotive supply stores that are primarily engaged in both retailing automotive parts and accessories and repairing automobiles; and (3) establishments primarily engaged in retailing and installing automotive accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4413104413105531Auto supply stores
4413104413105531Automobile parts dealers
4413104413105731Automotive audio equipment stores
4413104413105531Automotive parts and supply stores
4413104413105015Automotive parts dealers, used
441310441310 Parts and accessories dealers, automotive
4413104413105531Speed shops
4413104413105731Stereo stores, automotive
4413104413105599Truck cap stores
4413104413105015Used automotive parts stores


 44132 Tire Dealers

See industry description for 441320 below.

 441320 Tire Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and/or used tires and tubes or retailing new tires in combination with automotive repair services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4413204413205531Automotive tire dealers
4413204413205531Tire dealers, automotive
4413204413205014Used automotive tire dealers
4413204413205531Used tire dealers


442 Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores

 442 Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores

Industries in the Furniture and Home Furnishings Stores subsector retail new furniture and home furnishings from fixed point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector usually operate from showrooms and have substantial areas for the presentation of their products. Many offer interior decorating services in addition to the sale of products.

 4421 Furniture Stores

 44211 Furniture Stores

See industry description for 442110 below.

 442110 Furniture Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new furniture, such as household furniture (e.g., baby furniture box springs and mattresses) and outdoor furniture; office furniture (except those sold in combination with office supplies and equipment); and/or furniture sold in combination with major appliances, home electronics, home furnishings, or floor coverings.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4421104421105712Bed stores, retail
4421104421105712Furniture and appliance stores (i.e., primarily retailing furniture)
4421104421105712Furniture stores (e.g., household, office, outdoor)
4421104421105712Mattress stores (including waterbeds)
4421104421105712Office furniture stores


 4422 Home Furnishings Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new home furnishings (except furniture).

 44221 Floor Covering Stores

See industry description for 442210 below.

 442210 Floor Covering Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new floor coverings, such as rugs and carpets, vinyl floor coverings, and floor tile (except ceramic or wood only); or retailing new floor coverings in combination with installation and repair services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4422104422105713Carpet stores
4422104422105713Floor covering stores (except wood or ceramic tile only)
4422104422105713Rug stores


 44229 Other Home Furnishings Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new home furnishings (except furniture and floor coverings).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 442291 Window Treatment Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new window treatments, such as curtains, drapes, blinds, and shades.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4422914422915714Curtain and drapery stores, packaged
442291442291 Window treatment stores


 442299 All Other Home Furnishings Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new home furnishings (except floor coverings, furniture, and window treatments).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4422994422995719Bath shops
4422994422995719Chinaware stores
4422994422997699Custom picture frame shops
4422994422995719Glassware stores
4422994422995719Homefurnishings stores
4422994422995719Housewares stores
4422994422995719Kitchenware stores
4422994422995719Lamp shops, electric
4422994422995719Linen stores
4422994422997699Picture frame shops, custom
4422994422995719Wood-burning stove stores


443 Electronics and Appliance Stores

 443 Electronics and Appliance Stores

Industries in the Electronics and Appliance Stores subsector retail new electronics and appliances from point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector often operate from locations that have special provisions for floor displays requiring special electrical capacity to accommodate the proper demonstration of the products. The staff includes sales personnel knowledgeable in the characteristics and warranties of the line of goods retailed and may also include trained repair persons to handle the maintenance and repair of the electronic equipment and appliances. The classifications within this subsector are made principally on the type of product and knowledge required to operate each type of store.

 4431 Electronics and Appliance Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing the following new products: household-type appliances, cameras, computers, and other electronic goods.

 44311 Appliance, Television, and Other Electronics Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing one of the following: (1) retailing an array of new household-type appliances and consumer-type electronic products, such as radios, televisions, and computers; (2) specializing in retailing a single line of new consumer-type electronic products (except computers); and (3) retailing these new products in combination with repair services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 443111 Household Appliance Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as appliance stores primarily engaged in retailing an array of new household appliances, such as refrigerators, dishwashers, ovens, irons, coffeemakers, hair dryers, electric razors, room air-conditioners, microwave ovens, sewing machines, and vacuum cleaners, or retailing new appliances in combination with appliance repair services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4431114431115722Appliance stores, household-type
4431114431115722Household-type appliance stores
4431114431115722Sewing machine stores, household-type
4431114431115722Vacuum cleaner stores, household-type


 443112 Radio, Television, and Other Electronics Stores

This U.S. industry comprises: (1) establishments known as consumer electronics stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new consumer-type electronic products; (2) establishments specializing in retailing a single line of consumer-type electronic products (except computers); or (3) establishments primarily engaged in retailing these new electronic products in combination with repair services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4431124431125731Audio equipment stores (except automotive)
4431124431125731Cellular telephone stores
4431124431125731Consumer-type electronic stores (e.g., radio, television, video camera)
4431124431125731Electronic part and component stores
4431124431125999Pager and mobile phone stores
4431124431125731Radio and television stores
4431124431125731Stereo stores (except automotive)
4431124431125999Telephone stores (including cellular)
4431124431125731Television and radio stores
4431124431125731TV (television) stores


 44312 Computer and Software Stores

See industry description for 443120 below.

 443120 Computer and Software Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new computers, computer peripherals, and prepackaged computer software without retailing other consumer-type electronic products or office equipment, office furniture and office supplies; or retailing these new products in combination with repair and support services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4431204431205734Computer equipment stores
4431204431205734Computer stores
4431204431205734Software stores, computer


 44313 Camera and Photographic Supplies Stores

See industry description for 443130 below.

 443130 Camera and Photographic Supplies Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in either retailing new cameras, photographic equipment, and photographic supplies or retailing new cameras and photographic equipment in combination with activities, such as repair services and film developing.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4431304431305946Camera shops, photographic
4431304431305946Photographic supply stores


444 Building Material and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers

 444 Building Material and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers

Industries in the Building Material and Garden Equipment and Supplies Dealers subsector retail new building material and garden equipment and supplies from fixed point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector have display equipment designed to handle lumber and related products and garden equipment and supplies that may be kept either indoors or outdoors under covered areas. The staff is usually knowledgeable in the use of the specific products being retailed in the construction, repair, and maintenance of the home and associated grounds.

 4441 Building Material and Supplies Dealers

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new building materials and supplies.

 44411 Home Centers

See industry description for 444110 below.

 444110 Home Centers

This industry comprises establishments known as home centers primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new home repair and improvement materials and supplies, such as lumber, plumbing goods, electrical goods, tools, housewares, hardware, and lawn and garden supplies, with no one merchandise line predominating. The merchandise lines are normally arranged in separate departments.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4441104441105211Home centers, building materials
4441104441105211Home improvement centers


 44412 Paint and Wallpaper Stores

See industry description for 444120 below.

 444120 Paint and Wallpaper Stores

This industry comprises establishments known as paint and wallpaper stores primarily engaged in retailing paint, wallpaper, and related supplies.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4441204441205231Paint stores
4441204441205231Wallpaper and wall coverings stores


 44413 Hardware Stores

See industry description for 444130 below.

 444130 Hardware Stores

This industry comprises establishments known as hardware stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new hardware items, such as tools and builders' hardware.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4441304441307699Handtools, power-driven, repair and maintenance services retailing new power-driv
4441304441305251Hardware stores
4441304441305251Tool stores, power and hand (except outdoor)


 44419 Other Building Material Dealers

See industry description for 444190 below.

 444190 Other Building Material Dealers

This industry comprises establishments (except those known as home centers, paint and wallpaper stores, and hardware stores) primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of new building materials, such as lumber, fencing, glass, doors, plumbing fixtures and supplies, electrical supplies, prefabricated buildings and kits, and kitchen and bath cabinets and countertops to be installed.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4441904441905211Building materials supply dealers
4441904441905211Cabinet stores, kitchen (except custom), to be installed
4441904441905064Ceiling fan stores
4441904441905211Ceramic tile stores
4441904441905211Door stores
4441904441905063Electrical supply stores
4441904441905211Fencing dealers
4441904441905211Floor covering stores, wood or ceramic tile only
4441904441905211Garage door dealers
4441904441905231Glass stores
4441904441905211Hardwood flooring dealers
4441904441905211Kitchen cabinet (except custom) stores
4441904441905063Lighting fixture stores
4441904441905211Lumber retailing yards
4441904441905211Masonry (e.g., block, brick, stone) dealers
4441904441905074Plumbing supply stores
4441904441905211Prefabricated building dealers
4441904441905211Roofing material dealers
4441904441905211Siding dealers
4441904441905211Tile stores, ceramic
4441904441905211Window stores


 4442 Lawn and Garden Equipment and Supplies Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new lawn and garden equipment and supplies.

 44421 Outdoor Power Equipment Stores

See industry description for 444210 below.

 444210 Outdoor Power Equipment Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new outdoor power equipment or retailing new outdoor power equipment in combination with activities, such as repair services and selling replacement parts.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4442104442105261Garden power equipment stores
4442104442105261Lawn power equipment stores
4442104442105261Power equipment stores, outdoor


 44422 Nursery, Garden Center, and Farm Supply Stores

See industry description for 444220 below.

 444220 Nursery, Garden Center, and Farm Supply Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing nursery and garden products, such as trees, shrubs, plants, seeds, bulbs, and sod, that are predominantly grown elsewhere. These establishments may sell a limited amount of a product they grow themselves.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4442204442205191Farm supply stores
4442204442205191Feed stores (except pet)
4442204442205261Garden centers
4442204442205261Lawn supply stores
4442204442205261Nursery and garden centers without tree production


445 Food and Beverage Stores

 445 Food and Beverage Stores

Industries in the Food and Beverage Stores subsector usually retail food and beverages merchandise from fixed point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector have special equipment (e.g., freezers, refrigerated display cases, refrigerators) for displaying food and beverage goods. They have staff trained in the processing of food products to guarantee the proper storage and sanitary conditions required by regulatory authority.

 4451 Grocery Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of food products.

 44511 Supermarkets and Other Grocery (except Convenience) Stores

See industry description for 445110 below.

 445110 Supermarkets and Other Grocery (except Convenience) Stores

This industry comprises establishments generally known as supermarkets and grocery stores primarily engaged in retailing a general line of food, such as canned and frozen foods; fresh fruits and vegetables; and fresh and prepared meats, fish, and poultry. Included in this industry are delicatessen-type establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of food.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4451104451105411Commissaries, primarily groceries
4451104451105411Delicatessens primarily retailing a range of grocery items and meats
4451104451105411Food (i.e., groceries) stores
4451104451105411Grocery stores
4451104451105411Supermarkets


 44512 Convenience Stores

See industry description for 445120 below.

 445120 Convenience Stores

This industry comprises establishments known as convenience stores or food marts (except those with fuel pumps) primarily engaged in retailing a limited line of goods that generally includes milk, bread, soda, and snacks.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4451204451205411Convenience food stores


 4452 Specialty Food Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of food.

 44521 Meat Markets

See industry description for 445210 below.

 445210 Meat Markets

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured meats and poultry. Delicatessen-type establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh meat are included in this industry.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4452104452105421Baked ham stores
4452104452105421Butcher shops
4452104452105421Delicatessens (except grocery store, restaurants)
4452104452105421Frozen meat stores
4452104452105421Meat markets
4452104452105499Poultry dealers


 44522 Fish and Seafood Markets

See industry description for 445220 below.

 445220 Fish and Seafood Markets

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh, frozen, or cured fish and seafood products.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing fish and seafood products via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4452204452205421Fish markets
4452204452205421Seafood markets


 44523 Fruit and Vegetable Markets

See industry description for 445230 below.

 445230 Fruit and Vegetable Markets

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fresh fruits and vegetables.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4452304452305431Fruit and vegetable stands, permanent
4452304452305431Fruit markets
4452304452305431Fruit stands, permanent
4452304452305431Produce markets
4452304452305431Produce stands, permanent
4452304452305431Vegetable markets


 44529 Other Specialty Food Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialty foods (except meat, fish, seafood, and fruits and vegetables) not for immediate consumption and not made on premises.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 445291 Baked Goods Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing baked goods not for immediate consumption and not made on the premises.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4452914452915461Baked goods stores, retailing only (except immediate consumption)


 445292 Confectionery and Nut Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing candy and other confections, nuts, and popcorn not for immediate consumption and not made on the premises.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4452924452925441Candy stores, packaged, retailing only
4452924452925441Confectionery stores, packaged, retailing only
4452924452925441Nut (i.e., packaged) stores


 445299 All Other Specialty Food Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing miscellaneous specialty foods (except meat, fish, seafood, fruit and vegetables, confections, nuts, popcorn, and baked goods) not for immediate consumption and not made on the premises.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4452994452995499Coffee and tea (i.e., packaged) stores
4452994452995451Dairy product stores
4452994452995499Gourmet food stores
4452994452995451Ice cream (i.e., packaged) stores
4452994452995499Soft drink stores, bottled
4452994452995499Specialty food stores
4452994452995499Spice stores
4452994452995499Tea and coffee (i.e., packaged) stores
4452994452995499Water stores, bottled


 4453 Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores

 44531 Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores

See industry description for 445310 below.

 445310 Beer, Wine, and Liquor Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing packaged alcoholic beverages, such as ale, beer, wine, and liquor.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing packaged liquor in combination with providing prepared drinks for immediate consumption on the premises are classified in Industry 722410, Drinking Places (Alcoholic Beverages).
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4453104453105921Beer stores, packaged
4453104453105921Duty free liquor shops
4453104453105921Liquor stores, package
4453104453105921Package stores (i.e., liquor)
4453104453105921Wine shops, packaged


446 Health and Personal Care Stores

 446 Health and Personal Care Stores

Industries in the Health and Personal Care Stores subsector retail health and personal care merchandise from fixed point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector are characterized principally by the products they retail, and some health and personal care stores may have specialized staff trained in dealing with the products. Staff may include pharmacists, opticians, and other professionals engaged in retailing, advising customers, and/or fitting the product sold to the customer's needs.

 4461 Health and Personal Care Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing health and personal care products.

 44611 Pharmacies and Drug Stores

See industry description for 446110 below.

 446110 Pharmacies and Drug Stores

This industry comprises establishments known as pharmacies and drug stores engaged in retailing prescription or nonprescription drugs and medicines.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4461104461105912Apothecaries
4461104461105912Drug stores
4461104461105912Pharmacies


 44612 Cosmetics, Beauty Supplies, and Perfume Stores

See industry description for 446120 below.

 446120 Cosmetics, Beauty Supplies, and Perfume Stores

This industry comprises establishments known as cosmetic or perfume stores or beauty supply shops primarily engaged in retailing cosmetics, perfumes, toiletries, and personal grooming products.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4461204461205999Beauty supply stores
4461204461205999Cosmetics stores
4461204461205999Perfume stores


 44613 Optical Goods Stores

See industry description for 446130 below.

 446130 Optical Goods Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) retailing and fitting prescription eyeglasses and contact lenses; (2) retailing prescription eyeglasses in combination with the grinding of lenses to order on the premises; and (3) selling nonprescription eyeglasses.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4461304461305995Lens grinding, ophthalmic, in retail stores
4461304461305995Optical goods stores (except offices of optometrists)
4461304461305995Sunglass stores


 44619 Other Health and Personal Care Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing health and personal care items (except drugs, medicines, optical goods, perfumes, cosmetics, and beauty supplies).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 446191 Food (Health) Supplement Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing food supplement products, such as vitamins, nutrition supplements, and body enhancing supplements.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4461914461915499Food (i.e., health) supplement stores
4461914461915499Nutrition (i.e., food supplement) stores
4461914461915499Vitamin stores


 446199 All Other Health and Personal Care Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of health and personal care merchandise (except drugs, medicines, optical goods, cosmetics, beauty supplies, perfume, and food supplement products).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4461994461995999Convalescent supply stores
4461994461995999Hearing aid stores
4461994461995999Medical equipment and supplies stores
4461994461995999Prosthetic stores
4461994461995999Sick room supply stores


447 Gasoline Stations

 447 Gasoline Stations

Industries in the Gasoline Stations subsector group establishments retailing automotive fuels (e.g., gasoline, diesel fuel, gasohol) and automotive oils and retailing these products in combination with convenience store items. These establishments have specialized equipment for the storage and dispensing of automotive fuels.

 4471 Gasoline Stations

 44711 Gasoline Stations with Convenience Stores

See industry description for 447110 below.

 447110 Gasoline Stations with Convenience Stores

This industry comprises establishments engaged in retailing automotive fuels (e.g., diesel fuel, gasohol, gasoline) in combination with convenience store or food mart items. These establishments can either be in a convenience store (i.e., food mart) setting or a gasoline station setting. These establishments may also provide automotive repair services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4471104471105411Convenience food with gasoline stations
4471104471105541Gasoline stations with convenience stores
4471104471105541Gasoline with convenience stores


 44719 Other Gasoline Stations

See industry description for 447190 below.

 447190 Other Gasoline Stations

This industry comprises establishments known as gasoline stations (except those with convenience stores) primarily engaged in one of the following: (1) retailing automotive fuels (e.g., diesel fuel, gasohol, gasoline) or (2) retailing these fuels in combination with activities, such as providing repair services; selling automotive oils, replacement parts, and accessories; and/or providing food services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4471904471905541Gasoline stations without convenience stores
4471904471905541Marine service stations
4471904471905541Service stations, gasoline
4471904471905541Truck stops


448 Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores

 448 Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores

Industries in the Clothing and Clothing Accessories Stores subsector retailing new clothing and clothing accessories merchandise from fixed point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector have similar display equipment and staff that is knowledgeable regarding fashion trends and the proper match of styles, colors, and combinations of clothing and accessories to the characteristics and tastes of the customer.

 4481 Clothing Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new clothing.

 44811 Men's Clothing Stores

See industry description for 448110 below.

 448110 Men's Clothing Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new men's and boys' clothing. These establishments may provide basic alterations, such as hemming, taking in or letting out seams, or lengthening or shortening sleeves.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4481104481105611Apparel stores, men's and boys' clothing
4481104481105611Clothing stores, men's and boys'


 44812 Women's Clothing Stores

See industry description for 448120 below.

 448120 Women's Clothing Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new women's, misses'; and juniors' clothing, including maternity wear. These establishments may provide basic alterations, such as hemming, taking in or letting out seams, or lengthening or shortening sleeves.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4481204481205621Apparel stores, women's and girls' clothing
4481204481205621Clothing stores, women's and girls'
4481204481205621Maternity shops


 44813 Children's and Infants' Clothing Stores

See industry description for 448130 below.

 448130 Children's and Infants' Clothing Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new children's and infants' clothing. These establishments may provide basic alterations, such as hemming, taking in or letting out seams, or lengthening or shortening sleeves.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4481304481305641Apparel stores, children's and infants' clothing
4481304481305641Baby clothing shops
4481304481305641Clothing stores, children's and infants'


 44814 Family Clothing Stores

See industry description for 448140 below.

 448140 Family Clothing Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new clothing for men, women, and children, without specializing in sales for an individual gender or age group. These establishments may provide basic alterations, such as hemming, taking in or letting out seams, or lengthening or shortening sleeves.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4481404481405651Clothing stores, family
4481404481405651Family clothing stores
4481404481405651Unisex clothing stores
4481404481405651Western wear stores


 44815 Clothing Accessories Stores

See industry description for 448150 below.

 448150 Clothing Accessories Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing single or combination lines of new clothing accessories, such as hats and caps, costume jewelry, gloves, handbags, ties, wigs, toupees, and belts.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
448150448150 Apparel accessory stores
4481504481505632Clothing accessories stores
4481504481505632Costume jewelry stores
4481504481505699Furnishings stores, men's and boys'
448150448150 Furnishings stores, women's and girls'
4481504481505632Handbag stores
4481504481505699Hat and cap stores
4481504481505632Jewelry stores, costume
4481504481505632Neckwear stores
4481504481505699Tie shops
4481504481505699Wig and hairpiece stores


 44819 Other Clothing Stores

See industry description for 448190 below.

 448190 Other Clothing Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of new clothing (except general lines of men's, women's, children's, infants', and family clothing). These establishments may provide basic alterations, such as hemming, taking in or letting out seams, or lengthening or shortening sleeves.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4481904481905621Bridal gown shops (except custom)
4481904481905699Coat stores
4481904481905699Costume stores (including theatrical)
4481904481905621Dress shops
4481904481905632Fur apparel stores
4481904481905632Furriers
4481904481905632Hosiery stores
4481904481905699Leather coat stores
4481904481905632Lingerie stores
4481904481905632School uniform stores
4481904481905699Swimwear stores
4481904481905699T-shirt shops, custom printed
4481904481905699Uniform stores (except athletic)


 4482 Shoe Stores

 44821 Shoe Stores

See industry description for 448210 below.

 448210 Shoe Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of new footwear (except hosiery and specialty sports footwear, such as golf shoes, bowling shoes, and spiked shoes). Establishments primarily engaged in retailing new tennis shoes or sneakers are included in this industry.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4482104482105661Athletic shoe (except bowling, golf, spiked) stores
4482104482105661Orthopedic shoes stores
4482104482105661Shoe (except bowling, golf, spiked) stores
4482104482105661Shoe stores, orthopedic


 4483 Jewelry, Luggage, and Leather Goods Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new jewelry (except costume jewelry); new silver and plated silverware; new watches and clocks; and new luggage with or without a general line of new leather goods and accessories, such as hats, gloves, handbags, ties, and belts.

 44831 Jewelry Stores

See industry description for 448310 below.

 448310 Jewelry Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing one or more of the following items: (1) new jewelry (except costume jewelry); (2) new sterling and plated silverware; and (3) new watches and clocks. Also included are establishments retailing these new products in combination with lapidary work and/or repair services.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4483104483105944Clock shops
4483104483105944Jewelry stores, precious
4483104483105944Watch shops


 44832 Luggage and Leather Goods Stores

See industry description for 448320 below.

 448320 Luggage and Leather Goods Stores

This industry comprises establishments known as luggage and leather goods stores primarily engaged in retailing new luggage, briefcases, trunks, or these new products in combination with a general line of leather items (except leather apparel), such as belts, gloves, and handbags.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4483204483205948Leather goods stores
4483204483205948Luggage stores


451 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book, and Music Stores

 451 Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book, and Music Stores

Industries in the Sporting Goods, Hobby, Book, and Music Stores subsector are engaged in retailing and providing expertise on use of sporting equipment or other specific leisure activities, such as needlework and musical instruments. Book stores are also included in this subsector.

 4511 Sporting Goods, Hobby, and Musical Instrument Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sporting goods, games and toys, and musical instruments.

 45111 Sporting Goods Stores

See industry description for 451110 below.

 451110 Sporting Goods Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sporting goods, such as bicycles and bicycle parts; camping equipment; exercise and fitness equipment; athletic uniforms; specialty sports footwear; and sporting goods, equipment, and accessories.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4511104511105941Athletic equipment and supply stores (including uniforms)
4511104511105941Bicycle (except motorized) shops
4511104511105941Bowling equipment and supply stores
4511104511105941Diving equipment stores
4511104511105941Exercise equipment stores
4511104511105941Fishing supply stores (e.g., bait)
4511104511105941Footwear (e.g., bowling, golf, spiked), specialty sports, stores
4511104511105941Golf pro shops
4511104511105941Gun shops
4511104511107699Gunsmith shops retailing new guns
4511104511105941Outdoor sporting equipment stores
4511104511105941Pro shops (e.g., golf, skiing, tennis)
4511104511105941Saddlery stores
4511104511105941Shoe stores, specialty sports footwear (e.g., bowling, golf, spiked)
4511104511105941Sporting goods stores
4511104511105941Sports gear stores (e.g., outdoors, scuba, skiing)
4511104511105941Tack shops
4511104511105941Tackle shops (i.e., fishing)
4511104511105941Uniform stores, athletic


 45112 Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores

See industry description for 451120 below.

 451120 Hobby, Toy, and Game Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new toys, games, and hobby and craft supplies (except needlecraft).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4511204511205945Craft supply stores (except needlecraft)
4511204511205945Game stores (including electronic)
4511204511205945Hobby shops
4511204511205945Magic supply stores
4511204511205945Toy stores


 45113 Sewing, Needlework, and Piece Goods Stores

See industry description for 451130 below.

 451130 Sewing, Needlework, and Piece Goods Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new sewing supplies, fabrics, patterns, yarns, and other needlework accessories or retailing these products in combination with selling new sewing machines.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4511304511305949Fabric shops
4511304511305949Needlecraft sewing supply stores
4511304511305949Piece goods stores
4511304511305949Sewing supply stores
4511304511305714Upholstery materials stores


 45114 Musical Instrument and Supplies Stores

See industry description for 451140 below.

 451140 Musical Instrument and Supplies Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new musical instruments, sheet music, and related supplies; or retailing these new products in combination with musical instrument repair, rental, or music instruction.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4511404511405736Music stores (i.e., instrument)
4511404511405736Musical instrument stores
4511404511405736Piano stores
4511404511405736Sheet music stores


 4512 Book, Periodical, and Music Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books, newspapers, magazines, and prerecorded audio and video media.

 45121 Book Stores and News Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books, newspapers, magazines, and other periodicals.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 451211 Book Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new books.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4512114512115942Book stores
4512114512115942Religious book stores


 451212 News Dealers and Newsstands

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing current newspapers, magazines, and other periodicals.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4512124512125994Magazine stands (i.e., permanent)
4512124512125994News dealers
4512124512125994Newsstands (i.e., permanent)


 45122 Prerecorded Tape, Compact Disc, and Record Stores

See industry description for 451220 below.

 451220 Prerecorded Tape, Compact Disc, and Record Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new prerecorded audio and video tapes, compact discs (CDs), digital video discs (DVDs), and phonograph records.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4512204512205735Music stores (e.g., cassette, compact disc, record, tape)
4512204512205735Record stores, new
4512204512205735Video tape stores


452 General Merchandise Stores

 452 General Merchandise Stores

Industries in the General Merchandise Stores subsector retail new general merchandise from fixed point-of-sale locations. Establishments in this subsector are unique in that they have the equipment and staff capable of retailing a large variety of goods from a single location. This includes a variety of display equipment and staff trained to provide information on many lines of products.

 4521 Department Stores

 45211 Department Stores

This industry comprises establishments known as department stores primarily engaged in retailing a wide range of the following new products with no one merchandise line predominating: apparel, furniture, appliances and home furnishings; and selected additional items, such as paint, hardware, toiletries, cosmetics, photographic equipment, jewelry, toys, and sporting goods. Merchandise lines are normally arranged in separate departments.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 452111 Department Stores (except Discount Department Stores)

This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as department stores that have separate departments for various merchandise lines, such as apparel, jewelry, home furnishings, and linens, each with separate cash registers and sales associates. Department stores in this industry generally do not have central customer checkout and cash register facilities.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

2002 NAICS to 1997 NAICS 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4521114521105311Department stores (except discount department stores)


 452112 Discount Department Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments known as department stores that have central customer checkout areas, generally in the front of the store, and that may have additional cash registers located in one or more individual departments. Department stores in this industry sell a wide range of general merchandise (except fresh, perishable foods).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

2002 NAICS to 1997 NAICS 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4521124521105311Department stores, discount
4521124521105311Discount department stores


 4529 Other General Merchandise Stores

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new goods in general merchandise stores (except department stores).

 45291 Warehouse Clubs and Supercenters

See industry description for 452910 below.

 452910 Warehouse Clubs and Supercenters

This industry comprises establishments known as warehouse clubs, superstores or supercenters primarily engaged in retailing a general line of groceries in combination with general lines of new merchandise, such as apparel, furniture, and appliances.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4529104529105411Superstores (i.e., food and general merchandise)
4529104529105399Warehouse clubs (i.e., food and general merchandise)


 45299 All Other General Merchandise Stores

See industry description for 452990 below.

 452990 All Other General Merchandise Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new goods in general merchandise stores (except department stores, warehouse clubs, superstores, and supercenters). These establishments retail a general line of new merchandise, such as apparel, automotive parts, dry goods, hardware, groceries, housewares or home furnishings, and other lines in limited amounts, with none of the lines predominating.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4529904529905399Catalog showrooms, general merchandise (except catalog mail-order)
4529904529905331Dollar stores
4529904529905399General stores
4529904529905531Home and auto supply stores
4529904529905331Limited price variety stores
4529904529905399Trading posts, general merchandise
4529904529905331Variety stores


453 Miscellaneous Store Retailers

 453 Miscellaneous Store Retailers

Industries in the Miscellaneous Store Retailers subsector retail merchandise from fixed point-of-sale locations (except new or used motor vehicles and parts; new furniture and house furnishings; new appliances and electronic products; new building materials; and garden equipment and supplies; food and beverages; health and personal care goods; gasoline; new clothing and accessories; and new sporting goods, hobby goods, books, and music). Establishments in this subsector include stores with unique characteristics like florists, used merchandise stores, and pet and pet supply stores as well as other store retailers.

 4531 Florists

 45311 Florists

See industry description for 453110 below.

 453110 Florists

This industry comprises establishments known as florists primarily engaged in retailing cut flowers, floral arrangements, and potted plants purchased from others. These establishments usually prepare the arrangements they sell.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4531104531105992Florists
4531104531105992Flower shops, fresh


 4532 Office Supplies, Stationery, and Gift Stores

 45321 Office Supplies and Stationery Stores

See industry description for 453210 below.

 453210 Office Supplies and Stationery Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) retailing new stationery, school supplies, and office supplies; (2) selling a combination of new office equipment, furniture, and supplies; and (3) selling new office equipment, furniture, and supplies in combination with selling new computers.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4532104532105943Office supply stores
4532104532105943School supply stores
4532104532105943Stationery stores


 45322 Gift, Novelty, and Souvenir Stores

See industry description for 453220 below.

 453220 Gift, Novelty, and Souvenir Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new gifts, novelty merchandise, souvenirs, greeting cards, seasonal and holiday decorations, and curios.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4532204532205947Balloon shops
4532204532205947Card shops, greeting
4532204532205947Christmas stores
4532204532205947Collectible gift shops (e.g., crystal, pewter, porcelain)
4532204532205947Craft (except craft supply) stores
4532204532205947Curio shops
4532204532205947Gift shops
4532204532205947Gift stands, permanent location
4532204532205947Greeting card shops
4532204532205947Novelty shops
4532204532205947Party goods (e.g., paper supplies, decorations, novelties) stores
4532204532205947Seasonal and holiday decoration stores
4532204532205947Souvenir shops


 4533 Used Merchandise Stores

 45331 Used Merchandise Stores

See industry description for 453310 below.

 453310 Used Merchandise Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing used merchandise, antiques, and secondhand goods (except motor vehicles, such as automobiles, RVs, motorcycles, and boats; motor vehicle parts; tires; and mobile homes).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4533104533105932Antique dealers (except motor vehicles)
4533104533105932Antique shops
4533104533105932Apparel stores, used clothing
4533104533105932Appliance stores, household-type, used
4533104533105932Bicycle (except motorized) shops, used
4533104533105932Book stores, used
4533104533105932Clothing stores, used
4533104533105932Consignment shops, used
4533104533105932Flea markets, used merchandise, permanent
4533104533105932Furniture stores, used
4533104533105932Music stores (e.g., cassette, instrument, record, tape), used
4533104533105932Rare manuscript stores
4533104533105932Record stores, used
4533104533105932Second-hand merchandise stores
4533104533105932Sporting goods stores, used
4533104533105932Thrift shops, used merchandise
4533104533105932Used bicycle (except motorized) shops
4533104533105932Used merchandise dealers (except motor vehicles and parts)
4533104533105932Used merchandise stores


 4539 Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new miscellaneous specialty store merchandise (except motor vehicle and parts dealers; furniture and home furnishings stores; consumer-type electronics and appliance stores; building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers; food and beverage stores; health and personal care stores; gasoline stations; clothing and clothing accessories stores; sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores; general merchandise stores; florists; office supplies, stationery, and gift stores; and used merchandise stores).

 45391 Pet and Pet Supplies Stores

See industry description for 453910 below.

 453910 Pet and Pet Supplies Stores

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing pets, pet foods, and pet supplies.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4539104539105999Feed stores, pet
4539104539105999Pet shops
4539104539105999Pet supply stores


 45392 Art Dealers

See industry description for 453920 below.

 453920 Art Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing original and limited edition art works. Included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in displaying works of art for retail sale in art galleries.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4539204539205999Art auctions
4539204539205999Art dealers
4539204539205999Art galleries retailing art
4539204539205999Galleries, art, retail


 45393 Manufactured (Mobile) Home Dealers

See industry description for 453930 below.

 453930 Manufactured (Mobile) Home Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing new and/or used manufactured homes (i.e., mobile homes), parts, and equipment.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4539304539305271Manufactured (mobile) home dealers
4539304539305271Manufactured (mobile) home parts and accessory dealers
4539304539305271Mobile home dealers, manufactured
4539304539305271Used manufactured (mobile) home dealers


 45399 All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of merchandise (except motor vehicle and parts dealers; furniture and home furnishings stores; electronic and appliance stores; building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers; food and beverage stores; health and personal care stores; gasoline stations; clothing and clothing accessories stores; sporting goods, hobby, book, and music stores; general merchandise stores; florists; office supplies, stationery and gift stores; used merchandise stores; pet and pet supplies; art dealers; and manufactured home (i.e., mobile home) dealers). This industry also includes establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new and used merchandise on an auction basis (except electronic auctions).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 453991 Tobacco Stores

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing cigarettes, cigars, tobacco, pipes, and other smokers' supplies.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing tobacco products and supplies via electronic home shopping, mail-order, or direct sale are classified in Subsector 454, Nonstore Retailers.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4539914539915993Cigar stores
4539914539915993Cigarette stands, permanent
4539914539915993Smokers' supply stores
4539914539915993Tobacco stores


 453998 All Other Miscellaneous Store Retailers (except Tobacco Stores)

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing specialized lines of merchandise (except motor vehicle and parts dealers; furniture and home furnishings stores; electronic and appliance stores; building material and garden equipment and supplies dealers; food and beverage stores; health and personal care stores; gasoline stations; clothing and clothing accessories stores; sporting goods, hobby, book and music stores; general merchandise stores; florists; office supplies, stationery and gift stores; used merchandise stores; pet and pet supplies stores; art dealers; manufactured home (i.e., mobile homes) dealers; and tobacco stores). This industry also includes establishments primarily engaged in retailing a general line of new and used merchandise on an auction basis.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4539984539985999Art supply stores
4539984539985999Auction houses (general merchandise)
4539984539985999Calendar shops
4539984539985999Candle shops
4539984539985999Cemetery memorial dealers (e.g., headstones, markers, vaults)
4539984539985999Closet organizer stores
4539984539985999Collector's items shops (e.g., autograph, card, coin, stamp)
4539984539985999Emergency preparedness supply stores
4539984539985999Fireworks shops (i.e., permanent location)
4539984539985999Flag and banner shops
4539984539985999Flower shops, artificial or dried
4539984539985999Home security equipment stores
4539984539985999Hot tub stores
4539984539985999Janitorial equipment and supplies stores
4539984539985999Monument (i.e., burial marker) dealers
4539984539985999Police supply stores
4539984539985999Religious goods (except books) stores
4539984539985999Swimming pool supply stores
4539984539985999Trophy (including awards and plaques) shops


454 Nonstore Retailers

 454 Nonstore Retailers

Industries in the Nonstore Retailers subsector retail merchandise using methods, such as the broadcasting of infomercials, the broadcasting and publishing of direct-response advertising, the publishing of paper and electronic catalogs, door-to-door solicitation, in-home demonstration, selling from portable stalls and distribution through vending machines. Establishments in this subsector include mail-order houses, vending machine operators, home delivery sales, door-to-door sales, party plan sales, electronic shopping, and sales through portable stalls (e.g., street vendors, except food). Establishments engaged in the direct sale (i.e., nonstore) of products, such as home heating oil dealers and newspaper delivery are included in this subsector.

 4541 Electronic Shopping and Mail-Order Houses

 45411 Electronic Shopping and Mail-Order Houses

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using non-store means, such as catalogs, toll free telephone numbers, or electronic media, such as interactive television or computer. Included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in retailing from catalog showrooms of mail-order houses.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 454111 Electronic Shopping

This U.S. Industry comprises establishments engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using the Internet.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

2002 NAICS to 1997 NAICS 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4541114541105961Business to Consumer retail sales Internet sites
4541114541105961E-tailers
4541114541105961Internet retail sales sites
4541114541105961Web retailers


 454112 Electronic Auctions

This U.S. Industry comprises establishments engaged in providing sites for and facilitating consumer-to-consumer or business-to-consumer trade in new and used goods, on an auction basis, using the Internet. Establishments in this industry provide the electronic location for retail auctions, but do not take title to the goods being sold.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4541124541105961Auctions, Internet retail
4541124541105961Electronic auctions, retail
4541124541105961Internet auctions, retail


 454113 Mail-Order Houses

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing all types of merchandise using mail catalogs or television to generate clients and display merchandise. Included in this industry are establishments primarily engaged in retailing from catalog showrooms of mail-order houses as well as establishments providing a combination of Internet and mail-order sales.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4541134541105961Book clubs, not publishing, mail-order
4541134541105961Catalog (i.e., order taking) offices of mail-order houses
4541134541105961Collector's items, mail-order houses
4541134541105961Computer software, mail-order houses
4541134541105961Direct mailers (i.e., selling own merchandise)
4541134541105961Mail-order houses
4541134541105961Order taking offices of mail-order houses
4541134541105961Prerecorded tape, compact disc, and record mail-order houses
4541134541105961Television order, home shopping


 4542 Vending Machine Operators

 45421 Vending Machine Operators

See industry description for 454210 below.

 454210 Vending Machine Operators

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise through vending machines that they service.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4542104542105962Automatic merchandising machine operators
4542104542105962Vending machine merchandisers, sale of products


 4543 Direct Selling Establishments

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in nonstore retailing (except electronic, mail-order, or vending machine sales). These establishments typically go to the customers' location rather than the customer coming to them (e.g., door-to-door sales, home parties). Examples of establishments in this industry are home delivery newspaper routes; home delivery of heating oil, liquefied petroleum (LP) gas, and other fuels; locker meat provisioners; frozen food and freezer plan providers; coffee-break services providers; and bottled water or water softener services.

 45431 Fuel Dealers

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing heating oil, liquefied petroleum (LP) gas, and other fuels via direct selling.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

 454311 Heating Oil Dealers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing heating oil via direct selling.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4543114543115983Fuel oil (i.e., heating) dealers, direct selling
4543114543115983Heating oil dealers, direct selling


 454312 Liquefied Petroleum Gas (Bottled Gas) Dealers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing liquefied petroleum (LP) gas via direct selling.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4543124543125984Bottled gas dealers, direct selling
4543124543125984Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) dealers, direct selling


 454319 Other Fuel Dealers

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing fuels (except liquefied petroleum gas and heating oil) via direct selling.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4543194543195989Coal dealers, direct selling
4543194543195989Firewood dealers, direct selling


 45439 Other Direct Selling Establishments

See industry description for 454390 below.

 454390 Other Direct Selling Establishments

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in retailing merchandise (except food for immediate consumption and fuel) via direct sale to the customer by means, such as in-house sales (i.e., party plan merchandising), truck or wagon sales, and portable stalls (i.e., street vendors).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC 1997Economic Census Bridge Between 1997 NAICS and SIC
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
4543904543905963Bazaars (i.e., temporary stands)
4543904543905963Bottled water providers, direct selling
4543904543905963Canvassers (door-to-door), headquarters for retail sale of merchandise, direct se
4543904543905963Christmas trees, cut, direct selling
4543904543905963Cigarette stands, temporary
4543904543905963Coffee-break service providers, direct selling
4543904543905963Direct selling of merchandise (door-to-door)
4543904543905963Door-to-door retailing of merchandise, direct selling
4543904543905963Flea markets, temporary location, direct selling
454390454390 Frozen food and freezer plan providers, direct selling
4543904543905963Fruit stands, temporary
4543904543905963Home delivery newspaper routes, direct selling
4543904543905963House-to-house direct selling
4543904543905963In-home sales of merchandise, direct selling
4543904543905963Locker meat provisioners, direct selling
4543904543905963Party plan merchandisers, direct selling
4543904543905431Produce stands, temporary
4543904543905963Street vendors (except food)
4543904543905963Water softener service providers, direct selling