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11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting

11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting

The Sector as a Whole

The Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting sector comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops, raising animals, harvesting timber, and harvesting fish and other animals from a farm, ranch, or their natural habitats.

The establishments in this sector are often described as farms, ranches, dairies, greenhouses, nurseries, orchards, or hatcheries. A farm may consist of a single tract of land or a number of separate tracts which may be held under different tenures. For example, one tract may be owned by the farm operator and another rented. It may be operated by the operator alone or with the assistance of members of the household or hired employees, or it may be operated by a partnership, corporation, or other type of organization. When a landowner has one or more tenants, renters, croppers, or managers, the land operated by each is considered a farm.

The sector distinguishes two basic activities: agricultural production and agricultural support activities. Agricultural production includes establishments performing the complete farm or ranch operation, such as farm owner-operators, tenant farm operators, and sharecroppers. Agricultural support activities include establishments that perform one or more activities associated with farm operation, such as soil preparation, planting, harvesting, and management, on a contract or fee basis.

Excluded from the Agriculture, Forestry, Hunting and Fishing sector are establishments primarily engaged in agricultural research and establishments primarily engaged in administering programs for regulating and conserving land, mineral, wildlife, and forest use. These establishments are classified in Industry 54171, Research and Development in the Physical, Engineering, and Life Sciences; and Industry 92412, Administration of Conservation Programs, respectively.

111 Crop Production

111 Crop Production

Industries in the Crop Production subsector grow crops mainly for food and fiber. The subsector comprises establishments, such as farms, orchards, groves, greenhouses, and nurseries, primarily engaged in growing crops, plants, vines, or trees and their seeds.

The industries in this subsector are grouped by similarity of production activity, including biological and physiological characteristics and economic requirements, the length of growing season, degree of crop rotation, extent of input specialization, labor requirements, and capital demands. The production process is typically completed when the raw product or commodity grown reaches the "farm gate" for market, that is, at the point of first sale or price determination.

Establishments are classified to the crop production subsector when crop production (i.e., value of crops for market) accounts for one-half or more of the establishment's total agricultural production. Within the subsector, establishments are classified to a specific industry when a product or industry family of products (i.e., oilseed and grain farming, vegetable and melon farming, fruit and tree nut farming) account for one-half or more of the establishment's agricultural production. Establishments with one-half or more crop production with no one product or family of products of an industry accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production are treated as general combination crop farming and are classified in Industry 11199, All Other Crop Farming.

Industries in the Crop Production subsector include establishments that own, operate, and manage and those that operate and manage. Those that manage only are classified in Subsector 115, Support Activities for Agriculture and Forestry.

1111 Oilseed and Grain Farming

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing oilseed and/or grain crops and/or (2) producing oilseed and grain seeds. These crops have an annual life cycle and are typically grown in open fields.

11111 Soybean Farming

See industry description for 111110 below.

111110 Soybean Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing soybeans and/or producing soybean seeds.

Cross-References. Establishments engaged in growing soybeans in combination with grain(s) with the soybeans or grain(s) not accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (value of crops for market) are classified in U.S. Industry 111191, Oilseed and Grain Combination Farming.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111101111100116Soybean farming, field and seed production


11112 Oilseed (except Soybean) Farming

See industry description for 111120 below.

111120 Oilseed (except Soybean) Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fibrous oilseed producing plants and/or producing oilseed seeds, such as sunflower, safflower, flax, rape, canola, and sesame.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111201111200119Canola farming, field and seed production
1111201111200119Flaxseed farming, field and seed production
1111201111200119Mustard seed farming, field and seed production
1111201111200119Oilseed farming (except soybean), field and seed production
1111201111200119Rapeseed farming, field and seed production
1111201111200119Safflower farming, field and seed production
1111201111200119Sesame farming, field and seed production
1111201111200119Sunflower farming, field and seed production


11113 Dry Pea and Bean Farming

See industry description for 111130 below.

111130 Dry Pea and Bean Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing dry peas, beans, and/or lentils.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in growing fresh green beans and peas are classified in U.S. Industry 111219, Other Vegetable (except Potato) and Melon Farming.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111301111300119Bean farming, dry, field and seed production
1111301111300119Cowpea farming, dry, field and seed production
1111301111300119Garbanzo farming, dry, field and seed production
1111301111300119Lentil farming, dry, field and seed production
1111301111300119Lima bean farming, dry, field and seed production
1111301111300119Pea farming, dry, field and seed production


11114 Wheat Farming

See industry description for 111140 below.

111140 Wheat Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing wheat and/or producing wheat seeds.

Cross-References. Establishments growing wheat in combination with oilseed(s) with the wheat or oilseed(s) not accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (value of crops for market) are classified in U.S. Industry 111191, Oilseed and Grain Combination Farming.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111401111400111Wheat farming, field and seed production


11115 Corn Farming

See industry description for 111150 below.

111150 Corn Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing corn (except sweet corn) and/or producing corn seeds.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111501111500115Corn farming (except sweet corn), field and seed production
1111501111500119Popcorn farming, field and seed production


11116 Rice Farming

See industry description for 111160 below.

111160 Rice Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing rice (except wild rice) and/or producing rice seeds.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111601111600112Rice (except wild rice) farming, field and seed production


11119 Other Grain Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing grain(s) and/or producing grain seeds (except wheat, corn, and rice) or (2) growing a combination of grain(s) and oilseed(s) with no one grain (or family of grains) or oilseed (or family of oilseeds) accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (value of crops for market). Combination grain(s) and oilseed(s) establishments may produce oilseed(s) and grain(s) seeds and/or grow oilseed(s) and grain(s).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

111191 Oilseed and Grain Combination Farming

This U.S. industry comprises establishments engaged in growing a combination of oilseed(s) and grain(s) with no one oilseed (or family of oilseeds) or grain (or family of grains) accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (value of crops for market). These establishments may produce oilseed(s) and grain(s) seeds and/or grow oilseed(s) and grain(s).

Cross-References. Establishments engaged in growing one grain (or family of grains) or oilseed (or family of oilseeds) accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (value of crops for market) are classified in Industry Group 1111, Oilseed and Grain Farming accordingly by the prominent grain(s) or oilseed(s) grown.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111911111910119Oilseed and grain combination farming, field and seed production


111199 All Other Grain Farming

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing grains and/or producing grain(s) seeds (except wheat, corn, rice, and oilseed(s) and grain(s) combinations).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

  • Growing wheat--are classified in Industry 111140, Wheat Farming;
  • Growing corn--are classified in Industry 111150, Corn Farming;
  • Growing rice (except wild rice)--are classified in Industry 111160, Rice Farming;
  • Growing sweet corn--are classified in U.S. Industry 111219, Other Vegetable (except Potato) and Melon Farming; and
  • Growing a combination of grain(s) and oilseed(s) with no one grain (or family of grains) or oilseed (or family of oilseeds) accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (value of crops for market)--are classified in U.S. Industry 111191, Oilseed and Grain Combination Farming.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1111991111990119Barley farming, field and seed production
1111991111990139Broomcorn farming
1111991111990119Buckwheat farming
1111991111990119Milo farming, field and seed production
1111991111990119Oat farming, field and seed production
1111991111990119Rye farming, field and seed production
1111991111990119Sorghum farming, field and seed production
1111991111990119Wild rice farming, field and seed production


1112 Vegetable and Melon Farming

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing root and tuber crops (except sugar beets and peanuts) or edible plants and/or producing root and tuber or edible plant seeds. The crops included in this group have an annual growth cycle and are grown in open fields. Climate and cultural practices limit producing areas but often permit the growing of a combination of crops in a year.

11121 Vegetable and Melon Farming

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) growing vegetable and/or melon crops; (2) producing vegetable and melon seeds; and (3) growing vegetable and/or melon bedding plants.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

111211 Potato Farming

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing potatoes and/or producing seed potatoes (except sweet potatoes).

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1112111112110134Potato farming, field and seed potato production
1112111112110134Vegetable and melon farming, potato dominant crop, field and seed production
1112111112110134Vegetable and potato farming, potato dominant crop, field and seed potato product


111219 Other Vegetable (except Potato) and Melon Farming

This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) growing melons and/or vegetables (except potatoes; dry peas; dry beans; field, silage, or seed corn; and sugar beets); (2) producing vegetable and/or melon seeds; and (3) growing vegetable and/or melon bedding plants.

Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1112191112190161Acorn squash farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Artichoke farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Asparagus farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Bean (except dry) farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Beet farming (except sugar beets), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Broccoli farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Brussel sprout farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Butternut squash farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Cabbage farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Cantaloupe farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Carrot farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Casaba melon farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190139Cassava farming, field and seed casava production
1112191112190161Cauliflower farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Celery farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Chinese pea farming, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Chive farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Collard farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Cowpea (except dry) farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Crenshaw melon farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Cucumber farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Dill farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Eggplant farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Endive farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161English pea farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed productio
1112191112190161Escarole farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Garlic farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190139Gingerroot farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190139Ginseng farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Green bean farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Green cowpea farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Green lima bean farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Green pea farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Honeydew melon farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Kale farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Leek farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Lettuce farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Melon farming (e.g., cantaloupe, casaba, honeydew, watermelon), field, bedding pl
1112191112190161Muskmelon farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Okra farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Onion farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Parsley farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Parsnip farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Pea (except dry) farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Pepper (e.g., bell, chili, green, hot, red, sweet) farming
1112191112190161Pumpkin farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Radish farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Rhubarb farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Romaine lettuce farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Rutabaga farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Shallot farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Snap bean farming (i.e., bush and pole), field and seed production
1112191112190161Snow pea farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Spaghetti squash farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Spinach farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Squash farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161String bean farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Sweet corn farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Sweet pepper farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190139Sweet potato farming, field and seed potato production
1112191112190139Taro farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Tomato farming (except under cover), field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Truck farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Turnip farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190161Vegetable and melon farming, vegetable (except potato) and melon dominant crops,
1112191112190161Vegetable and potato farming, vegetable (except potato) dominant crops, field, be
1112191112190161Watermelon farming, field, bedding plant and seed production
1112191112190139Yam farming, field and seed production
1112191112190161Zucchini farming, field, bedding plant and seed production


1113 Fruit and Tree Nut Farming

This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing fruit and/or tree nut crops. The crops included in this industry group are generally not grown from seeds and have a perennial life cycle.

11131 Orange Groves

See industry description for 111310 below.

111310 Orange Groves

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing oranges.
No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
2002
NAICS
1997
NAICS
1987
SIC
Corresponding Index Entries
1113101113100174Orange groves


11132 Citrus (except Orange) Groves

See industry description for 111320 below.

111320 Citrus (except Orange) Groves

This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing citrus fruits (except oranges).

Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in growing oranges are classified in Industry 111310, Orange Groves.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113201113200174Citrus groves (except orange)
    1113201113200174Grapefruit groves
    1113201113200174Lemon groves
    1113201113200174Lime groves
    1113201113200174Mandarin groves
    1113201113200174Tangelo groves
    1113201113200174Tangerine groves


    11133 Noncitrus Fruit and Tree Nut Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) growing noncitrus fruits (e.g., apples, grapes, berries, peaches); (2) growing tree nuts (e.g., pecans, almonds, pistachios); or (3) growing a combination of fruit(s) and tree nut(s) with no one fruit (or family of fruit) or family of tree nuts accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (value of crops for market).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    111331 Apple Orchards

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing apples.

    Cross-References. Establishments engaged in growing apples in combination with tree nut(s) with the apples or family of tree nuts not accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (i.e., value of crops for market) are classified in U.S. Industry 111336, Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113311113310175Apple orchards


    111332 Grape Vineyards

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing grapes and/or growing grapes to sun dry into raisins.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113321113320172Grape farming without making wine
    1113321113320172Raisin farming


    111333 Strawberry Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing strawberries.

    Cross-References. Establishments engaged in growing strawberries in combination with tree nut(s) with the strawberries or family of tree nuts not accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (i.e., value of crops for market) are classified in U.S. Industry 111336, Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113331113330171Strawberry farming


    111334 Berry (except Strawberry) Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing berries.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Growing strawberries--are classified in U.S. Industry 111333, Strawberry Farming;
    • Harvesting berries from native and noncultivated bushes or vines--are classified in Industry 113210, Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products; and
    • Growing berries in combination with tree nut(s) with the berries or family of tree nuts not accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (i.e., value of crops for market)--are classified in U.S. Industry 111336, Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113341113340171Berry (except strawberry) farming
    1113341113340171Blackberry farming
    1113341113340171Blueberry farming
    1113341113340171Boysenberry farming
    1113341113340171Cranberry farming
    1113341113340171Currant farming
    1113341113340171Dewberry farming
    1113341113340171Gooseberry farming
    1113341113340171Huckleberry farming
    1113341113340171Loganberry farming
    1113341113340171Raspberry farming
    1113341113340171Youngberry farming


    111335 Tree Nut Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tree nuts.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113351113350173Almond farming
    1113351113350173Brazil nut farming
    1113351113350173Cashew farming
    1113351113350173Filbert farming
    1113351113350173Hazelnut farming
    1113351113350173Macadamia farming
    1113351113350173Pecan farming
    1113351113350173Pistachio farming
    1113351113350173Tree nut farming
    1113351113350173Walnut farming


    111336 Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing a combination of fruit(s) and tree nut(s) with no one fruit (or family of fruit) or family of tree nuts accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (i.e., value of crops for market).

    Cross-References. Establishments engaged in growing fruit(s) or the family of tree nut(s) accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (i.e., value of crops for market) are classified in Industry Group 1113, Fruit and Tree Nut Farming accordingly by the prominent fruit(s) or tree nut(s) grown.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113361113360179Fruit and tree nut combination farming


    111339 Other Noncitrus Fruit Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing noncitrus fruits (except apples, grapes, berries, and fruit(s) and tree nut(s) combinations).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Growing apples--are classified in U.S. Industry 111331, Apple Orchards;
    • Growing grapes including sun drying of grapes into raisins--are classified in U.S. Industry 111332, Grape Vineyards;
    • Growing strawberries--are classified in U.S. Industry 111333, Strawberry Farming;
    • Growing berries (except strawberries)--are classified in U.S. Industry 111334, Berry (except Strawberry) Farming;
    • Drying fruit artificially--are classified in U.S. Industry 311423, Dried and Dehydrated Food Manufacturing; and
    • Growing noncitrus fruit(s) in combination with tree nut(s) with no one fruit (or family of fruits) or family of tree nuts accounting for one-half of the establishment's agriculture production (i.e., value of crops for market)--are classified in U.S. Industry 111336, Fruit and Tree Nut Combination Farming.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1113391113390175Apricot farming
    1113391113390179Avocado farming
    1113391113390179Banana farming
    1113391113390179Cactus fruit farming
    1113391113390175Cherry farming
    1113391113390179Coconut tree farming
    1113391113390179Coffee farming
    1113391113390179Date farming
    1113391113390179Fig farming
    1113391113390179Guavas farming
    1113391113390179Kiwi fruit farming
    1113391113390179Mango farming
    1113391113390175Nectarine farming
    1113391113390175Noncitrus fruit farming
    1113391113390179Olive farming
    1113391113390179Papaya farming
    1113391113390179Passion fruit farming
    1113391113390175Peach farming
    1113391113390175Pear farming
    1113391113390175Persimmon farming
    1113391113390179Pineapple farming
    1113391113390179Plantain farming
    1113391113390175Plum farming
    1113391113390175Pomegranate farming
    1113391113390179Prickly pear farming
    1113391113390175Prune farming
    1113391113390175Quince farming


    1114 Greenhouse, Nursery, and Floriculture Production

    This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing crops of any kind under cover and/or growing nursery stock and flowers. "Under cover" is generally defined as greenhouses, cold frames, cloth houses, and lath houses. The crops grown are removed at various stages of maturity and have annual and perennial life cycles. The nursery stock includes short rotation woody crops that have growth cycles of 10 years or less.

    11141 Food Crops Grown Under Cover

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing food crops (e.g., fruits, melons, tomatoes) under glass or protective cover.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in growing vegetable and melon bedding plants are classified in Industry 11121, Vegetable and Melon Farming.

    111411 Mushroom Production

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing mushrooms under cover in mines underground, or in other controlled environments.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1114111114110182Mushroom farming
    1114111114110182Mushroom spawn farming
    1114111114110182Shitake mushroom farming


    111419 Other Food Crops Grown Under Cover

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing food crops (except mushrooms) under glass or protective cover.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in growing mushrooms under cover are classified in U.S. Industry 111411, Mushroom Production.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1114191114190182Alfalfa sprout farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Bean sprout farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Cucumber farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Eggplant farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Endive farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182English pea farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Escarole farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Fruit farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Garlic farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Gingerroot farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Ginseng farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Herb farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Hydroponic crop farming
    1114191114190182Melon farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Rhubarb, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Spice farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Tomato farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Truffles farming, grown under cover
    1114191114190182Vegetable farming, grown under cover


     11142 Nursery and Floriculture Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing nursery and floriculture products (e.g., nursery stock, shrubbery, cut flowers, flower seeds, foliage plants) under cover or in open fields and/or (2) growing short rotation woody trees with a growing and harvesting cycle of 10 years or less for pulp or tree stock (e.g., cut Christmas trees, cottonwoods).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     111421 Nursery and Tree Production

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing nursery products, nursery stock, shrubbery, bulbs, fruit stock, sod, and so forth, under cover or in open fields and/or (2) growing short rotation woody trees with a growth and harvest cycle of 10 years or less for pulp or tree stock.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1114211114210181Azalea farming
    1114211114210811Christmas tree growing
    1114211114210181Corms farming
    1114211114210181Field nurseries (i.e., growing of flowers and shrubbery)
    1114211114210181Flower bulb growing
    1114211114210181Fruit stock (e.g., plants, seedlings, trees) growing
    1114211114210181Herbaceous perennial growing
    1114211114210181Nursery stock growing
    1114211114210181Nursery with tree production (except for reforestation)
    1114211114210181Preseeded mat farming
    1114211114210181Propagation material farming
    1114211114210181Rose bush growing
    1114211114210181Short rotation woody tree growing (i.e., growing and harvesting cycle ten years o
    1114211114210181Shrubbery farming
    1114211114210181Sod farming
    1114211114210181Tissue culture farming
    1114211114210811Tree crop farming (except forestry), short rotation growing and harvesting cycle


     111422 Floriculture Production

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing and/or producing floriculture products (e.g., cut flowers and roses, cut cultivated greens, potted flowering and foliage plants, and flower seeds) under cover and in open fields.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in retailing floriculture products primarily purchased from others are classified in Industry 444220, Nursery, Garden Center, and Farm Supply Stores.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1114221114220181Bedding plant growing (except vegetable and melon bedding plants)
    1114221114220181Cultivated florist greens growing
    1114221114220181Cut flower growing
    1114221114220181Cut rose growing
    1114221114220181Cuttings farming
    1114221114220181Flower growing
    1114221114220181Flower seed production
    1114221114220181Foliage growing
    1114221114220181Hanging basket plant growing
    1114221114220181House plant growing
    1114221114220181Ornamental plant growing
    1114221114220181Plant, ornamental, growing
    1114221114220181Plant, potted flower and foliage, growing
    1114221114220181Plug (i.e., floriculture products) growing


     1119 Other Crop Farming

    This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing crops (except oilseed and/or grain; vegetable and/or melon; fruit and tree nut; and greenhouse, nursery, and/or floriculture products). These establishments grow crops, such as tobacco, cotton, sugarcane, hay, sugar beets, peanuts, agave, herbs and spices, and hay and grass seeds; or (2) growing a combination of crops (except a combination of oilseed(s) and grain(s) and a combination of fruit(s) and tree nut(s)).

     11191 Tobacco Farming

    See industry description for 111910 below.

     111910 Tobacco Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing tobacco.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1119101119100132Tobacco farming, field and seed production


     11192 Cotton Farming

    See industry description for 111920 below.

     111920 Cotton Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing cotton.

    Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in ginning cotton are classified in U.S. Industry 115111, Cotton Ginning.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1119201119200131Cotton farming, field and seed production
    1119201119200131Cottonseed farming


     11193 Sugarcane Farming

    See industry description for 111930 below.

     111930 Sugarcane Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing sugarcane.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1119301119300133Cane farming, sugar, field production
    1119301119300133Sugarcane farming, field production


     11194 Hay Farming

    See industry description for 111940 below.

     111940 Hay Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing hay, alfalfa, clover, and/or mixed hay.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1119401119400139Alfalfa hay farming
    1119401119400139Clover hay farming
    1119401119400139Grass hay farming
    1119401119400139Hay farming (e.g., alfalfa hay, clover hay, grass hay)
    1119401119400139Mixed hay farming


     11199 All Other Crop Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing crops (except oilseeds and/or grains; vegetables and/or melons; fruits and/or tree nuts; greenhouse, nursery and/or floriculture products; tobacco; cotton; sugarcane; or hay) or (2) growing a combination of crops (except a combination of oilseed(s) and grain(s); and a combination of fruit(s) and tree nut(s)) with no one crop or family of crops accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (i.e., value of crops for market).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     111991 Sugar Beet Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing sugar beets.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in growing beets (except sugar beets) are classified in U.S. Industry 111219, Other Vegetable (except Potato) and Melon Farming.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1119911119910133Sugar beet farming


     111992 Peanut Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in growing peanuts.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1119921119920139Peanut farming


     111998 All Other Miscellaneous Crop Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one of the following: (1) growing crops (except oilseeds and/or grains; vegetables and/or melons; fruits and/or tree nuts; greenhouse, nursery and/or floriculture products; tobacco; cotton; sugarcane; hay; sugar beets; or peanuts); (2) growing a combination of crops (except a combination of oilseed(s) and grain(s); and a combination of fruit(s) and tree nut(s)) with no one crop or family of crop(s) accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (i.e., value of crops for market); or (3) gathering tea or maple sap.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1119981119980191Agave farming
    1119981119980139Alfalfa seed farming
    1119981119980191Algae farming
    1119981119980191Aloe farming
    1119981119980191Amaranth farming
    1119981119980139Bentgrass seed farming
    1119981119980139Bluegrass-Kentucky seed farming
    1119981119980139Chicory farming
    1119981119980139Clover seed farming
    1119981119980191Crimson cloves seed farming
    1119981119980191Fescue seed farming
    1119981119980191General combination crop farming (except fruit and nut combinations, oilseed and
    1119981119980139Grass seed farming
    1119981119980191Guar farming
    1119981119980139Hay seed farming
    1119981119980191Herb farming, open field
    1119981119980139Hop farming
    1119981119980191Jojoba farming
    1119981119980191Kenaf farming
    1119981119980831Maple sap concentrating (i.e., producing pure maple syrup in the field)
    1119981119980831Maple sap gathering
    1119981119982099Maple syrup (i.e., maple sap reducing)
    1119981119980139Mint farming
    1119981119980139Orchard grass seed farming
    1119981119980139Ryegrass seed farming
    1119981119980919Sea plant agriculture
    1119981119980191Seaweed farming
    1119981119980191Sorghum sudan seed farming
    1119981119980191Spice farming
    1119981119982099Syrup, pure maple (i.e., maple syrup reducing)
    1119981119980191Tea farming


    112 Animal Production

    112 Animal Production

    Industries in the Animal Production subsector raise or fatten animals for the sale of animals or animal products. The subsector comprises establishments, such as ranches, farms, and feedlots primarily engaged in keeping, grazing, breeding, or feeding animals. These animals are kept for the products they produce or for eventual sale. The animals are generally raised in various environments, from total confinement or captivity to feeding on an open range pasture.

    The industries in this subsector are grouped by important factors, such as suitable grazing or pasture land, specialized buildings, type of equipment, and the amount and types of labor required. Establishments are classified to the Animal Production subsector when animal production (i.e., value of animals for market) accounts for one-half or more of the establishment's total agricultural production. Establishments with one-half or more animal production with no one animal product or family of animal products of an industry accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production are treated as combination animal farming classified to Industry 11299, All Other Animal Production.

     1121 Cattle Ranching and Farming

    This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising cattle, milking dairy cattle, or feeding cattle for fattening.

     11211 Beef Cattle Ranching and Farming, including Feedlots

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising cattle (including cattle for dairy herd replacements), or feeding cattle for fattening.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     112111 Beef Cattle Ranching and Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising cattle (including cattle for dairy herd replacements).

    Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle are classified in Industry 112120, Dairy Cattle and Milk Production.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1121111121110212Backgrounding, cattle
    1121111121110212Beef cattle ranching or farming
    1121111121110212Calf (e.g., feeder, stocker, veal) production
    1121111121110212Cattle conditioning operations
    1121111121110212Cattle farming or ranching
    1121111121110241Dairy heifer replacement production
    1121111121110212Feeder calf production
    1121111121110212Stocker calf production
    1121111121110212Veal calf production


     112112 Cattle Feedlots

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in feeding cattle for fattening.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in operating stockyards for transportation and not buying, selling, or auctioning livestock are classified in U.S. Industry 488999, All Other Support Activities for Transportation.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1121121121120211Beef cattle feedlots (except stockyards for transportation)
    1121121121120211Cattle feedlots (except stockyards for transportation)
    1121121121120211Fattening cattle
    1121121121120211Feed yards (except stockyards for transportation), cattle
    1121121121120211Feedlots (except stockyards for transportation), cattle


     11212 Dairy Cattle and Milk Production

    See industry description for 112120 below.

     112120 Dairy Cattle and Milk Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in milking dairy cattle.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1121201121200241Dairy cattle farming
    1121201121200241Milk production, dairy cattle
    1121201121200241Milking dairy cattle


     11213 Dual-Purpose Cattle Ranching and Farming

    See industry description for 112130 below.

     112130 Dual-Purpose Cattle Ranching and Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising cattle for both milking and meat production.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     1122 Hog and Pig Farming

     11221 Hog and Pig Farming

    See industry description for 112210 below.

     112210 Hog and Pig Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising hogs and pigs. These establishments may include farming activities, such as breeding, farrowing, and the raising of weanling pigs, feeder pigs, or market size hogs.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in operating stockyards for transportation and not buying, selling, or auctioning livestock are classified in U.S. Industry 488999, All Other Support Activities for Transportation.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1122101122100213Farrow-to-finish operations
    1122101122100213Feeder pig farming
    1122101122100213Feedlots (except stockyards for transportation), hog
    1122101122100213Hog and pig (including breeding, farrowing, nursery, and finishing activities) fa
    1122101122100213Hog feedlots (except stockyards for transportation)
    1122101122100213Pig farming
    1122101122100213Weaning pig operations


     1123 Poultry and Egg Production

    This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in breeding, hatching, and raising poultry for meat or egg production.

     11231 Chicken Egg Production

    See industry description for 112310 below.

     112310 Chicken Egg Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for egg production. The eggs produced may be for use as table eggs or hatching eggs.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for the production of meat are classified in Industry 112320, Broilers and Other Meat Type Chicken Production.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1123101123100252Chicken egg production
    1123101123100252Chicken eggs (table, hatching) production
    1123101123100252Cull hen production
    1123101123100252Egg production, chicken
    1123101123100252Eggs, chicken (table, hatching) production
    1123101123100252Layer-type chicken production
    1123101123100252Started pullet production


     11232 Broilers and Other Meat Type Chicken Production

    See industry description for 112320 below.

     112320 Broilers and Other Meat Type Chicken Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising broilers, fryers, roasters, and other meat type chickens.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in raising chickens for egg production are classified in Industry 112310, Chicken Egg Production.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1123201123200251Broiler chicken production
    1123201123200251Chicken production (except egg laying)
    1123201123200251Cornish hen production
    1123201123200251Fryer chicken production
    1123201123200251Roaster chicken production


     11233 Turkey Production

    See industry description for 112330 below.

     112330 Turkey Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising turkeys for meat or egg production.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1123301123300253Egg production, turkey
    1123301123300253Turkey egg production
    1123301123300253Turkey production


     11234 Poultry Hatcheries

    See industry description for 112340 below.

     112340 Poultry Hatcheries

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in hatching poultry of any kind.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1123401123400254Chicken hatcheries
    1123401123400254Egg hatcheries, poultry
    1123401123400254Hatcheries, poultry
    1123401123400254Poultry hatcheries
    1123401123400254Turkey hatcheries


     11239 Other Poultry Production

    See industry description for 112390 below.

     112390 Other Poultry Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising poultry (except chickens for meat or egg production and turkeys).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1123901123900259Duck production
    1123901123900259Emu production
    1123901123900259Geese production
    1123901123900259Ostrich production
    1123901123900259Pheasant production
    1123901123900259Quail production
    1123901123900259Ratite production


     1124 Sheep and Goat Farming

    This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep, lambs, and goats, or feeding lambs for fattening.

     11241 Sheep Farming

    See industry description for 112410 below.

     112410 Sheep Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising sheep and lambs, or feeding lambs for fattening. The sheep or lambs may be raised for sale or wool production.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in operating stockyards for transportation and not buying, selling, or auctioning livestock are classified in U.S. Industry 488999, All Other Support Activities for Transportation.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1124101124100214Dairy sheep farming
    1124101124100214Feedlots (except stockyards for transportation), lamb
    1124101124100214Lamb feedlots (except stockyards for transportation)
    1124101124100214Milking dairy sheep
    1124101124100214Sheep farming (e.g., meat, milk, wool production)


     11242 Goat Farming

    See industry description for 112420 below.

     112420 Goat Farming

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising goats.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1124201124200214Angora goat farming
    1124201124200214Dairy goat farming
    1124201124200214Goat farming (e.g., meat, milk, mohair production)
    1124201124200214Milking dairy goat
    1124201124200214Mohair farming


     1125 Animal Aquaculture

     11251 Animal Aquaculture

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the farm raising of finfish, shellfish, or any other kind of animal aquaculture. These establishments use some form of intervention in the rearing process to enhance production, such as holding in captivity, regular stocking, feeding, and protecting from predators.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in the catching or taking of fish and other aquatic animals from their natural habitat are classified in Industry 11411, Fishing.

     112511 Finfish Farming and Fish Hatcheries

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) farm raising finfish (e.g., catfish, trout, goldfish, tropical fish, minnows) and/or (2) hatching fish of any kind.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in the catching or taking of finfish from their natural habitat are classified in U.S. Industry 114111, Finfish Fishing.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1125111125110273Baitfish production, farm raising
    1125111125110273Catfish production, farm raising
    1125111125110273Finfish production, farm raising
    1125111125110921Finfish, hatcheries
    1125111125110273Fish farms, finfish
    1125111125110273Goldfish production, farm raising
    1125111125110921Hatcheries, finfish
    1125111125110273Hybrid striped bass production
    1125111125110273Minnow production, farm raising
    1125111125110273Ornamental fish production, farm raising
    1125111125110273Tilapia production
    1125111125110273Tropical fish production, farm raising
    1125111125110273Trout production, farm raising


     112512 Shellfish Farming

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in farm raising shellfish (e.g., crayfish, shrimp, oysters, clams, mollusks).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in the catching or taking of shellfish from their natural habitat are classified in U.S. Industry 114112, Shellfish Fishing.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1125121125120273Clam production, farm raising
    1125121125120273Crawfish production, farm raising
    1125121125120273Crustacean production, farm raising
    1125121125120919Cultured pearl production, farm raising
    1125121125120273Fish farms, shellfish
    1125121125120921Hatcheries, shellfish
    1125121125120273Mollusk production, farm raising
    1125121125120273Mussel production, farm raising
    1125121125120273Oyster production, farm raising
    1125121125120921Shellfish hatcheries
    1125121125120273Shrimp production, farm raising


     112519 Other Animal Aquaculture

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in farm raising animal aquaculture (except finfish and shellfish). Alligator, frog, or turtle production is included in this industry.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1125191125190279Alligator production, farm raising
    1125191125190279Animal aquaculture (except finfish, shellfish)
    1125191125190279Frog production, farm raising
    1125191125190273Turtle production, farm raising


     1129 Other Animal Production

    This industry group comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising animals and insects (except cattle, hogs and pigs, poultry, sheep and goats, animal aquaculture) for sale or product production. These establishments are primarily engaged in raising one of the following: bees, horses and other equines, rabbits and other fur-bearing animals, and so forth, and producing products, such as honey and other bee products. Establishments primarily engaged in raising a combination of animals with no one animal or family of animals accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (i.e., value of animals for market) are included in this industry group.

     11291 Apiculture

    See industry description for 112910 below.

     112910 Apiculture

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising bees. These establishments may collect and gather honey; and/or sell queen bees, packages of bees, royal jelly, bees' wax, propolis, venom, and/or other bee products.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1129101129100279Bee production (i.e., apiculture)
    1129101129100279Beeswax production
    1129101129100279Honey bee production
    1129101129100279Propolis production, bees
    1129101129100279Queen bee production
    1129101129100279Royal jelly production, bees


     11292 Horses and Other Equine Production

    See industry description for 112920 below.

     112920 Horses and Other Equine Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising horses, mules, donkeys, and other equines.

    Cross-References.

  • Establishments primarily engaged in equine boarding are classified in Industry 115210, Support Activities for Animal Production; and
  • Equine owners entering horses in racing or other spectator sporting events are classified in U.S. Industry 711219, Other Spectator Sports.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1129201129200272Burro production
    1129201129200272Donkey production
    1129201129200272Horse (including thoroughbreds) production
    1129201129200272Mule production
    1129201129200272Pony production


     11293 Fur-Bearing Animal and Rabbit Production

    See industry description for 112930 below.

     112930 Fur-Bearing Animal and Rabbit Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in raising fur-bearing animals including rabbits. These animals may be raised for sale or for their pelt production.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in the trapping or hunting of wild fur-bearing animals are classified in Industry 114210, Hunting and Trapping.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1129301129300271Chinchilla production
    1129301129300271Fox production
    1129301129300271Fur bearing animal production
    1129301129300271Mink production
    1129301129300271Rabbit production


     11299 All Other Animal Production

    See industry description for 112990 below.

     112990 All Other Animal Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in: (1) raising animals (except cattle, hogs and pigs, poultry, sheep and goats, animal aquaculture, apiculture, horses and other equines; and fur-bearing animals including rabbits); or (2) raising a combination of animals, with no one animal or family of animals accounting for one-half of the establishment's agricultural production (i.e., value of animals for market) are included in this industry.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1129901129900279Alpaca production
    1129901129900279Aviaries (i.e., raising birds for sale)
    1129901129900279Bird production (e.g., canaries, love birds, parakeets, parrots)
    1129901129900279Bison production
    1129901129900279Breeding of pets (e.g., birds, cats, dogs)
    1129901129900279Buffalo production
    1129901129900279Cat production
    1129901129900219Combination livestock farming (except dairy, poultry)
    1129901129900279Companion animals production (e.g., cats, dogs, parakeets, parrots)
    1129901129900279Cricket production
    1129901129900279Deer production
    1129901129900279Dog production
    1129901129900279Earthworm hatcheries
    1129901129900279Elk production
    1129901129900291General combination animal farming
    1129901129900279Kennels, breeding and raising stock for sale
    1129901129900279Laboratory animal production (e.g., guinea pigs, mice, rats)
    1129901129900279Llama production
    1129901129900279Raising swans, peacocks, flamingos, or other adornment birds
    1129901129900279Rattlesnake production
    1129901129900279Worm production


    113 Forestry and Logging

    113 Forestry and Logging

    Industries in the Forestry and Logging subsector grow and harvest timber on a long production cycle (i.e., of 10 years or more). Long production cycles use different production processes than short production cycles, which require more horticultural interventions prior to harvest, resulting in processes more similar to those found in the Crop Production subsector. Consequently, Christmas tree production and other production involving production cycles of less than 10 years, are classified in the Crop Production subsector.

    Industries in this subsector specialize in different stages of the production cycle. Reforestation requires production of seedlings in specialized nurseries. Timber production requires natural forest or suitable areas of land that are available for a long duration. The maturation time for timber depends upon the species of tree, the climatic conditions of the region, and the intended purpose of the timber. The harvesting of timber (except when done on an extremely small scale) requires specialized machinery unique to the industry. Establishments gathering forest products, such as gums, barks, balsam needles, rhizomes, fibers, Spanish moss, and ginseng and truffles, are also included in this subsector.

     1131 Timber Tract Operations

     11311 Timber Tract Operations

    See industry description for 113110 below.

     113110 Timber Tract Operations

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the operation of timber tracts for the purpose of selling standing timber.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1131101131100811Timber tract operations


     1132 Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products

     11321 Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products

    See industry description for 113210 below.

     113210 Forest Nurseries and Gathering of Forest Products

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in (1) growing trees for reforestation and/or (2) gathering forest products, such as gums, barks, balsam needles, rhizomes, fibers, Spanish moss, ginseng, and truffles.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1132101132100831Aromatic wood gathering
    1132101132100831Balsam needles gathering
    1132101132100831Bark gathering
    1132101132100831Cherry gum, gathering
    1132101132100831Chestnut gum, gathering
    1132101132100831Forest nurseries for reforestation, growing trees
    1132101132100831Gathering of forest products (e.g., barks, gums, needles, seeds)
    1132101132100831Gathering, extracting, and selling tree seeds
    1132101132100831Ginseng gathering
    1132101132100831Gum (i.e., forest product) gathering
    1132101132100831Harvesting berries or nuts from native and non-cultivated plants
    1132101132100831Hemlock gum gathering
    1132101132100831Huckleberry greens, gathering of
    1132101132100831Moss gathering
    1132101132100831Nurseries for reforestation growing trees
    1132101132100831Pine gum extracting
    1132101132100831Spanish moss gathering
    1132101132100831Sphagnum moss gathering
    1132101132100831Spruce gum gathering
    1132101132100831Teaberries gathering
    1132101132100831Tree seed extracting
    1132101132100831Tree seed gathering
    1132101132100831Tree seed growing for reforestation


     1133 Logging

     11331 Logging

    See industry description for 113310 below.

     113310 Logging

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) cutting timber; (2) cutting and transporting timber; and (3) producing wood chips in the field.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in trucking timber are classified in Industry 484220, Specialized Freight (except Used Goods) Trucking, Local.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1133101133102411Cutting and transporting timber
    1133101133102411Cutting timber
    1133101133102411Log harvesting
    1133101133102411Logging
    1133101133102411Pulpwood logging camps
    1133101133102411Rails, rough wood, manufacturing
    1133101133102411Stump removing in the field
    1133101133102411Timber piling
    1133101133102411Timber pole cutting
    1133101133102411Tree chipping in the field
    1133101133102411Wood chipping in the field


    114 Fishing, Hunting and Trapping

    114 Fishing, Hunting and Trapping

    Industries in the Fishing, Hunting, and Trapping subsector harvest fish and other wild animals from their natural habitats and are dependent upon a continued supply of the natural resource. The harvesting of fish is the predominant economic activity of this subsector and it usually requires specialized vessels that, by the nature of their size, configuration and equipment, are not suitable for any other type of production, such as transportation.

    Hunting and trapping activities utilize a wide variety of production processes and are classified in the same subsector as fishing because the availability of resources and the constraints imposed, such as conservation requirements and proper habitat maintenance, are similar.

     1141 Fishing

     11411 Fishing

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the commercial catching or taking of finfish, shellfish, or miscellaneous marine products from a natural habitat, such as the catching of bluefish, eels, salmon, tuna, clams, crabs, lobsters, mussels, oysters, shrimp, frogs, sea urchins, and turtles.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     114111 Finfish Fishing

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the commercial catching or taking of finfish (e.g., bluefish, salmon, trout, tuna) from their natural habitat.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1141111141110912Anchovy fishing
    1141111141110912Bluefish fishing
    1141111141110912Cod catching
    1141111141110912Cod fishing
    1141111141110912Croaker fishing
    1141111141110912Dolphin fishing
    1141111141110912Eel fishing
    1141111141110912Finfish fishing (e.g., flounder, salmon, trout)
    1141111141110912Fisheries, finfish
    1141111141110912Flounder fishing
    1141111141110912Grouper fishing
    1141111141110912Haddock fishing
    1141111141110912Hake fishing
    1141111141110912Halibut fishing
    1141111141110912Herring fishing
    1141111141110912Lingcod fishing
    1141111141110912Mackerel fishing
    1141111141110912Mahimahi fishing
    1141111141110912Menhaden fishing
    1141111141110912Mullet fishing
    1141111141110912Perch fishing
    1141111141110912Pilchard fishing
    1141111141110912Pollock fishing
    1141111141110912Porgy fishing
    1141111141110912Ray fishing
    1141111141110912Rockfish fishing
    1141111141110912Sablefish fishing
    1141111141110912Salmon fishing
    1141111141110912Sea bass fishing
    1141111141110912Sea herring fishing
    1141111141110912Sea trout fishing
    1141111141110912Shark fishing
    1141111141110912Snapper fishing
    1141111141110912Swordfish fishing
    1141111141110912Tilefish fishing
    1141111141110912Trout fishing
    1141111141110912Tuna fishing
    1141111141110912Whiting fishing


     114112 Shellfish Fishing

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the commercial catching or taking of shellfish (e.g., clams, crabs, lobsters, mussels, oysters, sea urchins, shrimp) from their natural habitat.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in farm raising shellfish are classified in U.S. Industry 112512, Shellfish Farming.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1141121141120913Clam digging
    1141121141120913Crabbing
    1141121141120913Crayfish fishing
    1141121141120913Fisheries, shellfish
    1141121141120913Lobster fishing
    1141121141120913Mussel fishing
    1141121141120913Octopus fishing
    1141121141120913Oyster dredging
    1141121141120913Scallop fishing
    1141121141120919Sea urchin fishing
    1141121141120913Shellfish fishing (e.g., clam, crab, oyster, shrimp)
    1141121141120913Shrimp fishing
    1141121141120913Squid fishing


     114119 Other Marine Fishing

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in the commercial catching or taking of marine animals (except finfish and shellfish).

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1141191141190919Frog fishing
    1141191141190919Seaweed gathering
    1141191141190919Sponge gathering
    1141191141190919Terrapin fishing
    1141191141190919Turtle fishing


     1142 Hunting and Trapping

     11421 Hunting and Trapping

    See industry description for 114210 below.

     114210 Hunting and Trapping

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in one or more of the following: (1) commercial hunting and trapping; (2) operating commercial game preserves, such as game retreats; and (3) operating hunting preserves.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1142101142100971Animal trapping, commercial
    1142101142100971Fishing preserves
    1142101142100971Game preserves, commercial
    1142101142100971Game propagation
    1142101142100971Game retreats
    1142101142100971Hunting preserves


    115 Support Activities for Agriculture and Forestry

    115 Support Activities for Agriculture and Forestry

    Industries in the Support Activities for Agriculture and Forestry subsector provide support services that are an essential part of agricultural and forestry production. These support activities may be performed by the agriculture or forestry producing establishment or conducted independently as an alternative source of inputs required for the production process for a given crop, animal, or forestry industry. Establishments that primarily perform these activities independent of the agriculture or forestry producing establishment are in this subsector.

     1151 Support Activities for Crop Production

     11511 Support Activities for Crop Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing support activities for growing crops.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

     115111 Cotton Ginning

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in ginning cotton.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1151111151110724Cotton ginning
    1151111151110724Ginning cotton


     115112 Soil Preparation, Planting, and Cultivating

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing a soil preparation activity or crop production service, such as plowing, fertilizing, seed bed preparation, planting, cultivating, and crop protecting services.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1151121151120721Aerial dusting or spraying (i.e., using specialized or dedicated aircraft)
    1151121151120721Bracing of orchard trees and vines
    1151121151120711Chemical treatment of soil for crops
    1151121151120721Citrus grove cultivation services
    1151121151120721Crop dusting
    1151121151120721Crop spraying
    1151121151120721Cultivation services
    1151121151120721Detasseling corn
    1151121151120721Disease control for crops
    1151121151120721Dusting crops
    1151121151120721Entomological service, agricultural
    1151121151120711Fertilizer application for crops
    1151121151120721Hoeing
    1151121151120721Insect control for crops
    1151121151120721Orchard cultivation services (e.g., bracing, planting, pruning, removal, spraying
    1151121151120721Pest control services, agricultural
    1151121151120721Planting crops
    1151121151120711Plowing
    1151121151120721Pollinating
    1151121151120721Pruning of orchard trees and vines
    1151121151120711Seed bed preparing
    1151121151120721Seeding crops
    1151121151120721Spraying crops
    1151121151120711Spreading lime for crops
    1151121151120721Surgery on trees and vines
    1151121151120721Thinning of crops, mechanical and chemical
    1151121151120711Transplanting services
    1151121151120721Vineyard cultivation services
    1151121151120721Weed control services for crops


     115113 Crop Harvesting, Primarily by Machine

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in mechanical harvesting, picking, and combining of crops, and related activities. The machinery used is provided by the servicing establishment.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1151131151130722Berries, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Chopping and silo filling
    1151131151130722Combining, agricultural
    1151131151130722Cotton, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Fruit, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Grain, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Hay mowing, raking, baling, and chopping
    1151131151130722Nuts, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Peanut, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Sugar beets, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Sugarcane, machine harvesting
    1151131151130722Threshing service
    1151131151130722Vegetables, machine harvesting


     115114 Postharvest Crop Activities (except Cotton Ginning)

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing services on crops, subsequent to their harvest, with the intent of preparing them for market or further processing. These establishments provide postharvest activities, such as crop cleaning, sun drying, shelling, fumigating, curing, sorting, grading, packing, and cooling.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    • Ginning cotton--are classified in U.S. Industry 115111, Cotton Ginning;
    • Artificially drying and dehydrating fruits and vegetables--are classified in U.S. Industry 311423, Dried and Dehydrated Food Manufacturing;
    • Stemming and redrying tobacco--are classified in Industry 312210, Tobacco Stemming and Redrying;
    • Buying farm products for resale to other wholesalers or retailers and preparing them for market or further processing--are classified in Industry 424480, Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Merchant Wholesalers; and
    • Providing farm management services (i.e., a contract or fee basis) and arranging or contracting postharvesting crop activities for the farm(s) it manages--are classified in U.S. Industry 115116, Farm Management Services.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1151141151140723Almond hulling and shelling
    1151141151140723Banana ripening
    1151141151140723Bean cleaning
    1151141151140723Corn drying
    1151141151140723Corn shelling
    1151141151140723Crop cleaning
    1151141151140723Decorticating flax
    1151141151140723Delinting cottonseed
    1151141151140723Filbert hulling and shelling
    1151141151140723Fruit precooling
    1151141151140723Fruit sorting, grading, and packing
    1151141151140723Fruit, sun drying
    1151141151140723Fruit, vacuum cooling
    1151141151140723Fumigating grain
    1151141151140723Grain cleaning
    1151141151140723Grain drying
    1151141151140723Grain fumigation
    1151141151140723Grain grinding (except custom grinding for animal feed)
    1151141151140723Hulling and shelling of nuts
    1151141151140723Irradiation of fruits and vegetables
    1151141151140723Nut hulling and shelling
    1151141151140723Packaging fresh or farm-dried fruits and vegetables
    1151141151140723Packing fruits and vegetables
    1151141151140723Peanut shelling
    1151141151140723Pecan hulling and shelling
    1151141151140723Potato curing
    1151141151140723Retting flax
    1151141151140723Rice drying
    1151141151140723Seed cleaning
    1151141151140723Sorting, grading, cleaning, and packing of fruits and vegetables
    1151141151140723Sun drying of dates, prunes, raisins, and olives
    1151141151140723Sun drying of fruits and vegetables
    1151141151140723Sun drying of tomatoes
    1151141151140723Sweet potato curing
    1151141151140723Tobacco grading
    1151141151140723Vegetable precooling
    1151141151140723Vegetable sorting, grading, and packing
    1151141151140723Vegetable sun drying
    1151141151140723Vegetable vacuum cooling
    1151141151140723Walnut hulling and shelling
    1151141151140723Waxing, fruits or vegetables


     115115 Farm Labor Contractors and Crew Leaders

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in supplying labor for agricultural production or harvesting.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in--

    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1151151151150761Agriculture production or harvesting crews
    1151151151150761Crew leaders, farm labor
    1151151151150761Farm labor contractors
    1151151151150761Labor contractors, farm


     115116 Farm Management Services

    This U.S. industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in providing farm management services on a contract or fee basis usually to citrus groves, orchards, or vineyards. These establishments always provide management and may arrange or contract for the partial or the complete operations of the farm establishment(s) it manages. Operational activities may include cultivating, harvesting, and/or other specialized agricultural support activities.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in crop production that are generally known as farms, orchards, groves, or vineyards (including share croppers and tenant farms), are classified in the appropriate crop industry within Subsector 111, Crop Production.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1151161151160762Farm management services
    1151161151160762Management services, farm


     1152 Support Activities for Animal Production

     11521 Support Activities for Animal Production

    See industry description for 115210 below.

     115210 Support Activities for Animal Production

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing support activities related to raising livestock (e.g., cattle, goats, hogs, horses, poultry, sheep). These establishments may perform one or more of the following: (1) breeding services for animals, including companion animals (e.g., cats, dogs, pet birds); (2) pedigree record services; (3) boarding horses; (4) dairy herd improvement activities; (5) livestock spraying; and (6) sheep dipping and shearing.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1152101152100751Animal semen banks
    1152101152100751Artificial insemination services for livestock
    1152101152100752Artificial insemination services for pets
    1152101152100752Boarding horses
    1152101152100751Branding
    1152101152100751Breeding, animal, services
    1152101152100751Bull testing stations
    1152101152100751Cattle spraying
    1152101152100751Cleaning poultry houses
    1152101152100751Corralling, drovers
    1152101152100751Dairy herd improvement associations
    1152101152100752Equine boarding
    1152101152107699Farriers
    1152101152100751Hoof trimming
    1152101152100752Horses (except racehorses), boarding
    1152101152100752Horses, training (except racehorses)
    1152101152107699Horseshoeing
    1152101152100751Livestock breeding services (except consulting)
    1152101152100751Livestock spraying
    1152101152100751Milk testing for butterfat and milk solids
    1152101152100751Pedigree (i.e., livestock, pets, poultry) record services
    1152101152100751Poultry catching services
    1152101152100751Reproductive flushing services for animals
    1152101152100751Semen collection
    1152101152100751Sheep dipping and shearing
    1152101152100751Showing of cattle, hogs, sheep, goats, and poultry
    1152101152100751Stud services
    1152101152100752Training horses (except racehorses)
    1152101152100751Vaccinating livestock (except by veterinarians)


     1153 Support Activities for Forestry

     11531 Support Activities for Forestry

    See industry description for 115310 below.

     115310 Support Activities for Forestry

    This industry comprises establishments primarily engaged in performing particular support activities related to timber production, wood technology, forestry economics and marketing, and forest protection. These establishments may provide support activities for forestry, such as estimating timber, forest firefighting, forest pest control, and consulting on wood attributes and reforestation.

    Cross-References. Establishments primarily engaged in the public administration and conservation of forest lands are classified in Industry 924120, Administration of Conservation Programs.
    No change 1997 to 2002 2002 NAICS to 1987 SIC    
    2002
    NAICS
    1997
    NAICS
    1987
    SIC
    Corresponding Index Entries
    1153101153100851Cruising timber
    1153101153100851Estimating timber
    1153101153100851Fire prevention, forest
    1153101153100851Firefighting, forest
    1153101153100851Forest management plans preparation
    1153101153100851Forestry services
    1153101153100851Pest control services, forestry
    1153101153100851Reforestation
    1153101153100851Timber valuation